lítill

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse lítill, from Proto-Germanic *lītilaz. Cognate with Faroese lítil, Danish liden, Norwegian liten, Swedish liten, Elfdalian litn.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

lítill (comparative minni, superlative minnstur)

  1. short, small
  2. little, insignificant

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *lītilaz (small, little, few). Cognate with Gothic 𐌻𐌴𐌹𐍄𐌹𐌻𐍃 (leitils). The comparative and superlative degrees are from Proto-Germanic *minnizô and *minnistaz respectively, ultimately being degrees of Proto-Indo-European *minu- (small), but are already inflections of *lītilaz at the Proto-Germanic stage.

AdjectiveEdit

lítill (comparative minni, superlative minnstr)

  1. little, small, short

InflectionEdit

This word has a suppletive inflection, using another root in the comparative and superlative forms, than in the positive form. Before the consonant cluster found in the contracted forms, the central vowel is shortened from í to i, so that lítlir > litlir. Note also the unexpected -nn ending in the masculine accusative singular form (lítinn instead of litlan), and the -t ending in the nominative and accusative singular neuter forms (lítit instead of lítilt).

AntonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Danish: liden
  • Elfdalian: litn
  • Faroese: lítil