Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse mikill, from Proto-Germanic *mikilaz, from Proto-Indo-European *méga-.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

mikill (comparative meiri, superlative mestur)

  1. large in quantity or number
  2. much
  3. great
    Alexander mikli.
    Alexander the Great.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *mikilaz (great, many), from Proto-Indo-European *meǵa-, *meǵh₂- (big, great). Cognate with Old English miċel, Old Saxon mikil, Old Dutch mikil, Old High German mihhil, Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌺𐌹𐌻𐍃 (mikils).

AdjectiveEdit

mikill (comparative meiri, superlative mestr)

  1. great, tall of stature
  2. great, large, in bulk or size
    • áin var mikil
      the river was swollen
  3. (of quantity) much
  4. prominent

InflectionEdit

This word seems to have a suppletive inflection, using another root in the comparative and superlative forms, than in the positive form (albeit one inherited from earlier Proto-Germanic). Note also the otherwise irregular nn-ending in the accusative singular masculine form (mikinn), as well as the t-ending in the nominative and accusative singular neuter forms (mikit).

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • mikill in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • meiri in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • mestr in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press