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ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

-munya?

  1. Alternative form of -munca

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukumunya
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukumunya ukungamunyi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular munya -munye
Plural munyani -munyeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyamunya, ngimunya engimunyayo, engimunya ngimunya angimunyi engingamunyi ngingamunyi
2nd singular uyamunya, umunya omunyayo, omunya umunya awumunyi ongamunyi ungamunyi
1st plural siyamunya, simunya esimunyayo, esimunya simunya asimunyi esingamunyi singamunyi
2nd plural niyamunya, nimunya enimunyayo, enimunya nimunya animunyi eningamunyi ningamunyi
Class 1 uyamunya, umunya omunyayo, omunya emunya akamunyi ongamunyi engamunyi
Class 2 bayamunya, bamunya abamunyayo, abamunya bemunya abamunyi abangamunyi bengamunyi
Class 3 uyamunya, umunya omunyayo, omunya umunya awumunyi ongamunyi ungamunyi
Class 4 iyamunya, imunya emunyayo, emunya imunya ayimunyi engamunyi ingamunyi
Class 5 liyamunya, limunya elimunyayo, elimunya limunya alimunyi elingamunyi lingamunyi
Class 6 ayamunya, amunya amunyayo, amunya emunya awamunyi angamunyi engamunyi
Class 7 siyamunya, simunya esimunyayo, esimunya simunya asimunyi esingamunyi singamunyi
Class 8 ziyamunya, zimunya ezimunyayo, ezimunya zimunya azimunyi ezingamunyi zingamunyi
Class 9 iyamunya, imunya emunyayo, emunya imunya ayimunyi engamunyi ingamunyi
Class 10 ziyamunya, zimunya ezimunyayo, ezimunya zimunya azimunyi ezingamunyi zingamunyi
Class 11 luyamunya, lumunya olumunyayo, olumunya lumunya alumunyi olungamunyi lungamunyi
Class 14 buyamunya, bumunya obumunyayo, obumunya bumunya abumunyi obungamunyi bungamunyi
Class 15 kuyamunya, kumunya okumunyayo, okumunya kumunya akumunyi okungamunyi kungamunyi
Class 17 kuyamunya, kumunya okumunyayo, okumunya kumunya akumunyi okungamunyi kungamunyi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngimunyile, ngimunyē engimunyile, engimunyē ngimunyile, ngimunyē angimunyanga engingamunyanga ngingamunyanga
2nd singular umunyile, umunyē omunyile, omunyē umunyile, umunyē awumunyanga ongamunyanga ungamunyanga
1st plural simunyile, simunyē esimunyile, esimunyē simunyile, simunyē asimunyanga esingamunyanga singamunyanga
2nd plural nimunyile, nimunyē enimunyile, enimunyē nimunyile, nimunyē animunyanga eningamunyanga ningamunyanga
Class 1 umunyile, umunyē omunyile, omunyē emunyile, emunyē akamunyanga ongamunyanga engamunyanga
Class 2 bamunyile, bamunyē abamunyile, abamunyē bemunyile, bemunyē abamunyanga abangamunyanga bengamunyanga
Class 3 umunyile, umunyē omunyile, omunyē umunyile, umunyē awumunyanga ongamunyanga ungamunyanga
Class 4 imunyile, imunyē emunyile, emunyē imunyile, imunyē ayimunyanga engamunyanga ingamunyanga
Class 5 limunyile, limunyē elimunyile, elimunyē limunyile, limunyē alimunyanga elingamunyanga lingamunyanga
Class 6 amunyile, amunyē amunyile, amunyē emunyile, emunyē awamunyanga angamunyanga engamunyanga
Class 7 simunyile, simunyē esimunyile, esimunyē simunyile, simunyē asimunyanga esingamunyanga singamunyanga
Class 8 zimunyile, zimunyē ezimunyile, ezimunyē zimunyile, zimunyē azimunyanga ezingamunyanga zingamunyanga
Class 9 imunyile, imunyē emunyile, emunyē imunyile, imunyē ayimunyanga engamunyanga ingamunyanga
Class 10 zimunyile, zimunyē ezimunyile, ezimunyē zimunyile, zimunyē azimunyanga ezingamunyanga zingamunyanga
Class 11 lumunyile, lumunyē olumunyile, olumunyē lumunyile, lumunyē alumunyanga olungamunyanga lungamunyanga
Class 14 bumunyile, bumunyē obumunyile, obumunyē bumunyile, bumunyē abumunyanga obungamunyanga bungamunyanga
Class 15 kumunyile, kumunyē okumunyile, okumunyē kumunyile, kumunyē akumunyanga okungamunyanga kungamunyanga
Class 17 kumunyile, kumunyē okumunyile, okumunyē kumunyile, kumunyē akumunyanga okungamunyanga kungamunyanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāmunya engāmunya ngāmunya angimunyanga engingamunyanga ngingamunyanga
2nd singular wāmunya owāmunya wāmunya awumunyanga ongamunyanga ungamunyanga
1st plural sāmunya esāmunya sāmunya asimunyanga esingamunyanga singamunyanga
2nd plural nāmunya enāmunya nāmunya animunyanga eningamunyanga ningamunyanga
Class 1 wāmunya owāmunya āmunya akamunyanga ongamunyanga engamunyanga
Class 2 bāmunya abāmunya bāmunya abamunyanga abangamunyanga bengamunyanga
Class 3 wāmunya owāmunya wāmunya awumunyanga ongamunyanga ungamunyanga
Class 4 yāmunya eyāmunya yāmunya ayimunyanga engamunyanga ingamunyanga
Class 5 lāmunya elāmunya lāmunya alimunyanga elingamunyanga lingamunyanga
Class 6 āmunya āmunya āmunya awamunyanga angamunyanga engamunyanga
Class 7 sāmunya esāmunya sāmunya asimunyanga esingamunyanga singamunyanga
Class 8 zāmunya ezāmunya zāmunya azimunyanga ezingamunyanga zingamunyanga
Class 9 yāmunya eyāmunya yāmunya ayimunyanga engamunyanga ingamunyanga
Class 10 zāmunya ezāmunya zāmunya azimunyanga ezingamunyanga zingamunyanga
Class 11 lwāmunya olwāmunya lwāmunya alumunyanga olungamunyanga lungamunyanga
Class 14 bāmunya obāmunya bāmunya abumunyanga obungamunyanga bungamunyanga
Class 15 kwāmunya okwāmunya kwāmunya akumunyanga okungamunyanga kungamunyanga
Class 17 kwāmunya okwāmunya kwāmunya akumunyanga okungamunyanga kungamunyanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingamunya ngingamunya ngingemunye ngingemunye
2nd singular ungamunya ungamunya ungemunye ungemunye
1st plural singamunya singamunya singemunye singemunye
2nd plural ningamunya ningamunya ningemunye ningemunye
Class 1 angamunya engamunya angemunye engemunye
Class 2 bangamunya bengamunya bangemunye bengemunye
Class 3 ungamunya ungamunya ungemunye ungemunye
Class 4 ingamunya ingamunya ingemunye ingemunye
Class 5 lingamunya lingamunya lingemunye lingemunye
Class 6 angamunya engamunya angemunye engemunye
Class 7 singamunya singamunya singemunye singemunye
Class 8 zingamunya zingamunya zingemunye zingemunye
Class 9 ingamunya ingamunya ingemunye ingemunye
Class 10 zingamunya zingamunya zingemunye zingemunye
Class 11 lungamunya lungamunya lungemunye lungemunye
Class 14 bungamunya bungamunya bungemunye bungemunye
Class 15 kungamunya kungamunya kungemunye kungemunye
Class 17 kungamunya kungamunya kungemunye kungemunye
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizomunya engizomunya ngizomunya angizumunya engingezumunya ngingezumunya
2nd singular uzomunya ozomunya uzomunya awuzumunya ongezumunya ungezumunya
1st plural sizomunya esizomunya sizomunya asizumunya esingezumunya singezumunya
2nd plural nizomunya enizomunya nizomunya anizumunya eningezumunya ningezumunya
Class 1 uzomunya ozomunya ezomunya akazumunya ongezumunya engezumunya
Class 2 bazomunya abazomunya bezomunya abazumunya abangezumunya bengezumunya
Class 3 uzomunya ozomunya uzomunya awuzumunya ongezumunya ungezumunya
Class 4 izomunya ezomunya izomunya ayizumunya engezumunya ingezumunya
Class 5 lizomunya elizomunya lizomunya alizumunya elingezumunya lingezumunya
Class 6 azomunya azomunya ezomunya awazumunya angezumunya engezumunya
Class 7 sizomunya esizomunya sizomunya asizumunya esingezumunya singezumunya
Class 8 zizomunya ezizomunya zizomunya azizumunya ezingezumunya zingezumunya
Class 9 izomunya ezomunya izomunya ayizumunya engezumunya ingezumunya
Class 10 zizomunya ezizomunya zizomunya azizumunya ezingezumunya zingezumunya
Class 11 luzomunya oluzomunya luzomunya aluzumunya olungezumunya lungezumunya
Class 14 buzomunya obuzomunya buzomunya abuzumunya obungezumunya bungezumunya
Class 15 kuzomunya okuzomunya kuzomunya akuzumunya okungezumunya kungezumunya
Class 17 kuzomunya okuzomunya kuzomunya akuzumunya okungezumunya kungezumunya
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyomunya engiyomunya ngiyomunya angiyumunya engingeyumunya ngingeyumunya
2nd singular uyomunya oyomunya uyomunya awuyumunya ongeyumunya ungeyumunya
1st plural siyomunya esiyomunya siyomunya asiyumunya esingeyumunya singeyumunya
2nd plural niyomunya eniyomunya niyomunya aniyumunya eningeyumunya ningeyumunya
Class 1 uyomunya oyomunya eyomunya akayumunya ongeyumunya engeyumunya
Class 2 bayomunya abayomunya beyomunya abayumunya abangeyumunya bengeyumunya
Class 3 uyomunya oyomunya uyomunya awuyumunya ongeyumunya ungeyumunya
Class 4 iyomunya eyomunya iyomunya ayiyumunya engeyumunya ingeyumunya
Class 5 liyomunya eliyomunya liyomunya aliyumunya elingeyumunya lingeyumunya
Class 6 ayomunya ayomunya eyomunya awayumunya angeyumunya engeyumunya
Class 7 siyomunya esiyomunya siyomunya asiyumunya esingeyumunya singeyumunya
Class 8 ziyomunya eziyomunya ziyomunya aziyumunya ezingeyumunya zingeyumunya
Class 9 iyomunya eyomunya iyomunya ayiyumunya engeyumunya ingeyumunya
Class 10 ziyomunya eziyomunya ziyomunya aziyumunya ezingeyumunya zingeyumunya
Class 11 luyomunya oluyomunya luyomunya aluyumunya olungeyumunya lungeyumunya
Class 14 buyomunya obuyomunya buyomunya abuyumunya obungeyumunya bungeyumunya
Class 15 kuyomunya okuyomunya kuyomunya akuyumunya okungeyumunya kungeyumunya
Class 17 kuyomunya okuyomunya kuyomunya akuyumunya okungeyumunya kungeyumunya
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngimunye ngingamunyi
2nd singular umunye ungamunyi
1st plural simunye singamunyi
2nd plural nimunye ningamunyi
Class 1 amunye angamunyi
Class 2 bamunye bangamunyi
Class 3 umunye ungamunyi
Class 4 imunye ingamunyi
Class 5 limunye lingamunyi
Class 6 amunye angamunyi
Class 7 simunye singamunyi
Class 8 zimunye zingamunyi
Class 9 imunye ingamunyi
Class 10 zimunye zingamunyi
Class 11 lumunye lungamunyi
Class 14 bumunye bungamunyi
Class 15 kumunye kungamunyi
Class 17 kumunye kungamunyi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngamunya ngangamunya, angamunya, angangamunya
2nd singular wamunya wangamunya, awamunya, awangamunya
1st plural samunya sangamunya, asamunya, asangamunya
2nd plural namunya nangamunya, anamunya, anangamunya
Class 1 wamunya wangamunya, akamunya, akangamunya
Class 2 bamunya bangamunya, abamunya, abangamunya
Class 3 wamunya wangamunya, awamunya, awangamunya
Class 4 yamunya yangamunya, ayamunya, ayangamunya
Class 5 lamunya langamunya, alamunya, alangamunya
Class 6 amunya angamunya, awamunya, awangamunya
Class 7 samunya sangamunya, asamunya, asangamunya
Class 8 zamunya zangamunya, azamunya, azangamunya
Class 9 yamunya yangamunya, ayamunya, ayangamunya
Class 10 zamunya zangamunya, azamunya, azangamunya
Class 11 lwamunya lwangamunya, alwamunya, alwangamunya
Class 14 bamunya bangamunya, abamunya, abangamunya
Class 15 kwamunya kwangamunya, akwamunya, akwangamunya
Class 17 kwamunya kwangamunya, akwamunya, akwangamunya

ReferencesEdit