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ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

VerbEdit

-ncela?

  1. (intransitive) to suck
    Synonyms: -munca

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukuncela
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuncela ukunganceli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular ncela ncele
Plural ncelani nceleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyancela, ngincela engincelayo, engincela ngincela anginceli enginganceli nginganceli
2nd singular uyancela, uncela oncelayo, oncela uncela awunceli onganceli unganceli
1st plural siyancela, sincela esincelayo, esincela sincela asinceli esinganceli singanceli
2nd plural niyancela, nincela enincelayo, enincela nincela aninceli eninganceli ninganceli
Class 1 uyancela, uncela oncelayo, oncela encela akanceli onganceli enganceli
Class 2 bayancela, bancela abancelayo, abancela bencela abanceli abanganceli benganceli
Class 3 uyancela, uncela oncelayo, oncela uncela awunceli onganceli unganceli
Class 4 iyancela, incela encelayo, encela incela ayinceli enganceli inganceli
Class 5 liyancela, lincela elincelayo, elincela lincela alinceli elinganceli linganceli
Class 6 ayancela, ancela ancelayo, ancela encela awanceli anganceli enganceli
Class 7 siyancela, sincela esincelayo, esincela sincela asinceli esinganceli singanceli
Class 8 ziyancela, zincela ezincelayo, ezincela zincela azinceli ezinganceli zinganceli
Class 9 iyancela, incela encelayo, encela incela ayinceli enganceli inganceli
Class 10 ziyancela, zincela ezincelayo, ezincela zincela azinceli ezinganceli zinganceli
Class 11 luyancela, luncela oluncelayo, oluncela luncela alunceli olunganceli lunganceli
Class 14 buyancela, buncela obuncelayo, obuncela buncela abunceli obunganceli bunganceli
Class 15 kuyancela, kuncela okuncelayo, okuncela kuncela akunceli okunganceli kunganceli
Class 17 kuyancela, kuncela okuncelayo, okuncela kuncela akunceli okunganceli kunganceli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngincelile, ngincelē engincelile, engincelē ngincelile, ngincelē angincelanga engingancelanga ngingancelanga
2nd singular uncelile, uncelē oncelile, oncelē uncelile, uncelē awuncelanga ongancelanga ungancelanga
1st plural sincelile, sincelē esincelile, esincelē sincelile, sincelē asincelanga esingancelanga singancelanga
2nd plural nincelile, nincelē enincelile, enincelē nincelile, nincelē anincelanga eningancelanga ningancelanga
Class 1 uncelile, uncelē oncelile, oncelē encelile, encelē akancelanga ongancelanga engancelanga
Class 2 bancelile, bancelē abancelile, abancelē bencelile, bencelē abancelanga abangancelanga bengancelanga
Class 3 uncelile, uncelē oncelile, oncelē uncelile, uncelē awuncelanga ongancelanga ungancelanga
Class 4 incelile, incelē encelile, encelē incelile, incelē ayincelanga engancelanga ingancelanga
Class 5 lincelile, lincelē elincelile, elincelē lincelile, lincelē alincelanga elingancelanga lingancelanga
Class 6 ancelile, ancelē ancelile, ancelē encelile, encelē awancelanga angancelanga engancelanga
Class 7 sincelile, sincelē esincelile, esincelē sincelile, sincelē asincelanga esingancelanga singancelanga
Class 8 zincelile, zincelē ezincelile, ezincelē zincelile, zincelē azincelanga ezingancelanga zingancelanga
Class 9 incelile, incelē encelile, encelē incelile, incelē ayincelanga engancelanga ingancelanga
Class 10 zincelile, zincelē ezincelile, ezincelē zincelile, zincelē azincelanga ezingancelanga zingancelanga
Class 11 luncelile, luncelē oluncelile, oluncelē luncelile, luncelē aluncelanga olungancelanga lungancelanga
Class 14 buncelile, buncelē obuncelile, obuncelē buncelile, buncelē abuncelanga obungancelanga bungancelanga
Class 15 kuncelile, kuncelē okuncelile, okuncelē kuncelile, kuncelē akuncelanga okungancelanga kungancelanga
Class 17 kuncelile, kuncelē okuncelile, okuncelē kuncelile, kuncelē akuncelanga okungancelanga kungancelanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāncela engāncela ngāncela angincelanga engingancelanga ngingancelanga
2nd singular wāncela owāncela wāncela awuncelanga ongancelanga ungancelanga
1st plural sāncela esāncela sāncela asincelanga esingancelanga singancelanga
2nd plural nāncela enāncela nāncela anincelanga eningancelanga ningancelanga
Class 1 wāncela owāncela āncela akancelanga ongancelanga engancelanga
Class 2 bāncela abāncela bāncela abancelanga abangancelanga bengancelanga
Class 3 wāncela owāncela wāncela awuncelanga ongancelanga ungancelanga
Class 4 yāncela eyāncela yāncela ayincelanga engancelanga ingancelanga
Class 5 lāncela elāncela lāncela alincelanga elingancelanga lingancelanga
Class 6 āncela āncela āncela awancelanga angancelanga engancelanga
Class 7 sāncela esāncela sāncela asincelanga esingancelanga singancelanga
Class 8 zāncela ezāncela zāncela azincelanga ezingancelanga zingancelanga
Class 9 yāncela eyāncela yāncela ayincelanga engancelanga ingancelanga
Class 10 zāncela ezāncela zāncela azincelanga ezingancelanga zingancelanga
Class 11 lwāncela olwāncela lwāncela aluncelanga olungancelanga lungancelanga
Class 14 bāncela obāncela bāncela abuncelanga obungancelanga bungancelanga
Class 15 kwāncela okwāncela kwāncela akuncelanga okungancelanga kungancelanga
Class 17 kwāncela okwāncela kwāncela akuncelanga okungancelanga kungancelanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingancela ngingancela ngingencele ngingencele
2nd singular ungancela ungancela ungencele ungencele
1st plural singancela singancela singencele singencele
2nd plural ningancela ningancela ningencele ningencele
Class 1 angancela engancela angencele engencele
Class 2 bangancela bengancela bangencele bengencele
Class 3 ungancela ungancela ungencele ungencele
Class 4 ingancela ingancela ingencele ingencele
Class 5 lingancela lingancela lingencele lingencele
Class 6 angancela engancela angencele engencele
Class 7 singancela singancela singencele singencele
Class 8 zingancela zingancela zingencele zingencele
Class 9 ingancela ingancela ingencele ingencele
Class 10 zingancela zingancela zingencele zingencele
Class 11 lungancela lungancela lungencele lungencele
Class 14 bungancela bungancela bungencele bungencele
Class 15 kungancela kungancela kungencele kungencele
Class 17 kungancela kungancela kungencele kungencele
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizoncela engizoncela ngizoncela angizuncela ngingezuncela
2nd singular uzoncela ozoncela uzoncela awuzuncela ungezuncela
1st plural sizoncela esizoncela sizoncela asizuncela singezuncela
2nd plural nizoncela enizoncela nizoncela anizuncela ningezuncela
Class 1 uzoncela ozoncela ezoncela akazuncela engezuncela
Class 2 bazoncela abazoncela bezoncela abazuncela bengezuncela
Class 3 uzoncela ozoncela uzoncela awuzuncela ungezuncela
Class 4 izoncela ezoncela izoncela ayizuncela ingezuncela
Class 5 lizoncela elizoncela lizoncela alizuncela lingezuncela
Class 6 azoncela azoncela ezoncela awazuncela engezuncela
Class 7 sizoncela esizoncela sizoncela asizuncela singezuncela
Class 8 zizoncela ezizoncela zizoncela azizuncela zingezuncela
Class 9 izoncela ezoncela izoncela ayizuncela ingezuncela
Class 10 zizoncela ezizoncela zizoncela azizuncela zingezuncela
Class 11 luzoncela oluzoncela luzoncela aluzuncela lungezuncela
Class 14 buzoncela obuzoncela buzoncela abuzuncela bungezuncela
Class 15 kuzoncela okuzoncela kuzoncela akuzuncela kungezuncela
Class 17 kuzoncela okuzoncela kuzoncela akuzuncela kungezuncela
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyoncela engiyoncela ngiyoncela angiyuncela ngingeyuncela
2nd singular uyoncela oyoncela uyoncela awuyuncela ungeyuncela
1st plural siyoncela esiyoncela siyoncela asiyuncela singeyuncela
2nd plural niyoncela eniyoncela niyoncela aniyuncela ningeyuncela
Class 1 uyoncela oyoncela eyoncela akayuncela engeyuncela
Class 2 bayoncela abayoncela beyoncela abayuncela bengeyuncela
Class 3 uyoncela oyoncela uyoncela awuyuncela ungeyuncela
Class 4 iyoncela eyoncela iyoncela ayiyuncela ingeyuncela
Class 5 liyoncela eliyoncela liyoncela aliyuncela lingeyuncela
Class 6 ayoncela ayoncela eyoncela awayuncela engeyuncela
Class 7 siyoncela esiyoncela siyoncela asiyuncela singeyuncela
Class 8 ziyoncela eziyoncela ziyoncela aziyuncela zingeyuncela
Class 9 iyoncela eyoncela iyoncela ayiyuncela ingeyuncela
Class 10 ziyoncela eziyoncela ziyoncela aziyuncela zingeyuncela
Class 11 luyoncela oluyoncela luyoncela aluyuncela lungeyuncela
Class 14 buyoncela obuyoncela buyoncela abuyuncela bungeyuncela
Class 15 kuyoncela okuyoncela kuyoncela akuyuncela kungeyuncela
Class 17 kuyoncela okuyoncela kuyoncela akuyuncela kungeyuncela
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngincele nginganceli
2nd singular uncele unganceli
1st plural sincele singanceli
2nd plural nincele ninganceli
Class 1 ancele anganceli
Class 2 bancele banganceli
Class 3 uncele unganceli
Class 4 incele inganceli
Class 5 lincele linganceli
Class 6 ancele anganceli
Class 7 sincele singanceli
Class 8 zincele zinganceli
Class 9 incele inganceli
Class 10 zincele zinganceli
Class 11 luncele lunganceli
Class 14 buncele bunganceli
Class 15 kuncele kunganceli
Class 17 kuncele kunganceli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngancela angincela
2nd singular wancela awuncela
1st plural sancela asincela
2nd plural nancela anincela
Class 1 wancela akancela
Class 2 bancela abancela
Class 3 wancela awuncela
Class 4 yancela ayincela
Class 5 lancela alincela
Class 6 ancela awancela
Class 7 sancela asincela
Class 8 zancela azincela
Class 9 yancela ayincela
Class 10 zancela azincela
Class 11 lwancela aluncela
Class 14 bancela abuncela
Class 15 kwancela akuncela
Class 17 kwancela akuncela

ReferencesEdit