Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From supplicō (I pray, beseech).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

supplex (genitive supplicis, adverb suppliciter); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. kneeling
  2. begging
  3. suppliant

Declension edit

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative supplex supplicēs supplicia
Genitive supplicis supplicium
Dative supplicī supplicibus
Accusative supplicem supplex supplicēs supplicia
Ablative supplicī supplicibus
Vocative supplex supplicēs supplicia

Quotations edit

  • Publius Ovidius Naso, metamorphoses, liber II. In: Ovid Metamorphoses with an English translation by Frank Justus Miller. In two Volumes I Books I–VIII, 1951, p. 86f.:
    Talia dicentem circumstant omnia Solem
    numina, neve velit tenebras inducere rebus,
    supplice voce rogant ;
    As he thus speaks all the gods stand around him, and beg him humbly not to plunge the world in darkness.
  • Publius Ovidius Naso, metamorphoses, liber XI. In: Ovid Metamorphoses with an English translation by Frank Justus Miller. In two Volumes II Books IX–XV, 1916, p. 140f.:
    copia cum facta est adeundi prima tyranni,
    velamenta manu praetendens supplice, qui sit
    quoque satus, memorat, tantum sua crimina celat
    mentiturque fugae causam;
    then, when first he was allowed to approach the monarch, stretching out with suppliant hand an olive-branch wound with woollen fillets, he told him who he was and from what father sprung. He concealed only his crime, and lied concerning the reason for his flight.
  • Marcus Annaeus Lucanus, de bello civili. In: Lucan with an English translation by J. D. Duff; The Civil War Books I–X (Pharsalia), 1962, p. 342f., p. 372–375, p. 420f., p. 456f., p. 462f.:
    Nec superos orat nec cantu supplice numen
    Auxiliare vocat nec fibras ilia litantes
    Novit : (liber VI)
    She addresses no prayer to Heaven, invokes no divine aid with suppliant hymn, and knows nothing of the organs of victims offered in sacrifice ;
    "Hoc pro tot meritis solum te, Magne, precatur
    Uti se Foituna velis, proceresque tuorum
    Castrorum regesque tui cum supplice mundo
    Adfusi, vinci socerum patiare rogamus.
    [...]" (liber VII)
    " Magnus, in return for all her favours Fortune makes one request of you—that you will deign to make use of her; and we, the chief men of your army, and the kings you made, together with the whole world upon its knees, now prostrate ourselves at your feet and ask that you will consent to the conquest of your father-in-law. [...]"
    Aspice securus voltu non supplice reges (liber VII)
    Calmly and with no petitionary aspect look upon the kings
    Iam supplice Varo
    Intumuit viditque loco Romana secundo. (liber VIII)
    Already, when Varus begged his aid, Juba swelled with pride to see Rome take the second place.
    Se simul et Romam Pompeio supplice mensus ? (liber VIII)
    measuring himself and Rome together by the prayers of Pompey ?
  • Gajus Sallustius Crispus, bellum catalinae. In: Sallust with an English translation by J. C. Rolfe, 1921, p. 54f.:
    Sed ubi ulle adsedit, Catalina, ut erat paratus ad dissimulanda omnia, demisso voltu, voce supplici postulare a patribus coepit nequid de se temere crederent;
    When he took his seat, Cataline, prepared as he was to deny everything, with downcast eyes and pleading accents began to beg the Fathers of the Senate not to believe any unfounded charge against him;

Noun edit

supplex m (genitive supplicis); third declension

  1. suppliant

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative supplex supplicēs
Genitive supplicis supplicum
Dative supplicī supplicibus
Accusative supplicem supplicēs
Ablative supplice supplicibus
Vocative supplex supplicēs

References edit

  • supplex”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • supplex”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • supplex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to crave humbly; to supplicate: supplicibus verbis orare