Learned borrowing from Sanskrit तत्सम (tatsama).
Tatsama was originally employed to refer to those inherited Prakrit words that were identical in form with Sanskrit; later it came to refer to learned loans introduced into the post-Prakritic speech as well. Traditionally, the term was used for both inherited words that were unmodified in form, and learned words. However from a strict linguistic point of view, the term refers only to learned borrowings from Sanskrit.
tatsama (plural tatsamas or tatsama)
- (lexicography) A Sanskrit learned loanword used in a South Asian language.
- Hypernym: learned borrowing
- 2012, James Lambert, “Beyond Hobson-Jobson: A new lexicography for Indian English”, in World Englishes, page 298:
- However, beyond lexis, the Macmillan range includes other adaptations, such as IPA encoding which reflects Indian English pronunciation, and etymologies that distinguish between "tatsama" and "tadbhava" terms, based on McGregor (1992).
a word borrowed from Sanskrit in a South Asian language
- ^ Chatterji, Suniti Kumar (1926) The Origin and Development of the Bengali Language, volume 1, Calcutta: Calcutta University Press, page 189