tatsama

EnglishEdit

 tatsama on Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit तत्सम (tatsama).

Tatsama was originally employed to refer to those inherited Prakrit words that were identical in form with Sanskrit; later it came to refer to learned loans introduced into the post-Prakritic speech as well. Traditionally, the term was used for both inherited words that were unmodified in form, and learned words. However from a strict linguistic point of view, the term refers only to learned borrowings from Sanskrit.[1]

NounEdit

tatsama (plural tatsamas or tatsama)

  1. (lexicography) A Sanskrit learned loanword used in a South Asian language.
    Hypernym: learned borrowing
    • 2012, James Lambert, “Beyond Hobson-Jobson: A new lexicography for Indian English”, in World Englishes[2], page 298:
      However, beyond lexis, the Macmillan range includes other adaptations, such as IPA encoding which reflects Indian English pronunciation, and etymologies that distinguish between "tatsama" and "tadbhava" terms, based on McGregor (1992).

TranslationsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chatterji, Suniti Kumar (1926) The Origin and Development of the Bengali Language[1], volume 1, Calcutta: Calcutta University Press, page 189