Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *tangʷāss (compare Welsh tafod), from Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s (tongue, speech, language)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tengae f (genitive tengad, nominative plural tengaid)

  1. tongue
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 31b23
      in bélrai .i. is and atá gním tengad isind huiliu labramar-ni
      of speech, i.e. the action of the tongue is in all that we say
  2. language

InflectionEdit

Feminine t-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative tengae tengaidL, tengae tengaid
Vocative tengae tengaidL, tengae tengtha
Accusative tengaidN tengaidL, tengae tengtha
Genitive tengad tengad tengadN
Dative tengaidL, teng(a) tengthaib tengthaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: teanga
  • Manx: çhengey
  • Scottish Gaelic: teanga

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
tengae thengae tengae
pronounced with /d(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit