Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

NounEdit

*dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s f[1]

  1. tongue

InflectionEdit

Athematic, hysterokinetic
singular
nominative *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s
genitive *dn̥ǵʰuh₂és
singular dual plural
nominative *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂h₁(e) *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂es
vocative *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂ *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂h₁(e) *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂es
accusative *dn̥ǵʰwā́m *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂h₁(e) *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂m̥s
genitive *dn̥ǵʰuh₂és *? *dn̥ǵʰuh₂óHom
ablative *dn̥ǵʰuh₂és *? *dn̥ǵʰuh₂mós
dative *dn̥ǵʰuh₂éy *? *dn̥ǵʰuh₂mós
locative *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂, *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂i *? *dn̥ǵʰuh₂sú
instrumental *dn̥ǵʰuh₂éh₁ *? *dn̥ǵʰuh₂bʰí

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: լեզու (lezu) (influenced by լիզեմ (lizem, to lick))
  • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *inźūˀ (loss of d- regular before --) (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Celtic: *tangʷāss (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Germanic: *tungǭ (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *ȷ́iȷ́ʰwáH (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *denɣwā (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Tocharian: *käntwo (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1)‎[1], Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN