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Latin triclīnium, from Ancient Greek τρικλίνιον (triklínion).


triclinium (plural tricliniums or triclinia)

  1. (historical, Roman antiquity) A couch for reclining at mealtimes, extending round three sides of a table, and usually in three parts.
  2. (historical, Roman antiquity) A dining room furnished with such a triple couch.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for triclinium in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Tria triclīnia in triclīniō. (Three triclinia (couches) in a triclinium (dining room).)


From Ancient Greek τρικλίνιον (triklínion), from τρεῖς (treîs, three) + κλίνω (klínō, to lean).



triclīnium n (genitive triclīniī); second declension

  1. dining room, where three couches are laid out for dining around a small serving table.
  2. a couch for reclining at meal, on which three people may recline.


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative triclīnium triclīnia
genitive triclīniī triclīniōrum
dative triclīniō triclīniīs
accusative triclīnium triclīnia
ablative triclīniō triclīniīs
vocative triclīnium triclīnia

Related termsEdit



  • triclinium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • triclinium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • triclinium in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • triclinium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • triclinium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • triclinium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin