不知火

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: 2 Grade: 1

EtymologyEdit

siranupi → siranuɸi → siranuwi → siranui

Compounded phrase from 知らぬ (shiranu, 'unknown', an archaic negative form of 知る (shiru, know)) +‎ (hi, fire).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

不知火 (hiragana しらぬい, historical hiragana しらぬひ, romaji shiranui)

  1. a marine will o' the wisp, more specifically one seen off the coasts of Kyūshū in the Yatsushiro Sea or Ariake Sea

Usage notesEdit

  • The kanji is a form of ateji commonly employed in Old Japanese and kept in this word, where 不知 (more commonly read fuchi, "ignorance; not knowing") stands in for 知らぬ (shiranu). For more information, see w:Old Japanese#Writing system

SynonymsEdit

  • 鬼火 (おにび, onibi)
  • 狐火 (きつねび, kitsunebi)
  • 狐日 (きつねび, kitsunebi)
  • 陰火 (いんか, inka)
  • 幽霊火 (ゆうれいび, yūreibi)
  • 野火 (やか, yaka)

Derived termsEdit

  • 不知火海 (しらぬいかい, Shiranui Kai): alternate name for 八代海 (Yatsushiro Kai, Yatsushiro Sea)
  • 不知火型 (しらぬいがた, shiranuigata): one of the kata (routines) performed by a yokozuna (highest sumo rank) when entering the dohyō (the sumo ring)

See alsoEdit

Last modified on 7 February 2014, at 08:17