Last modified on 25 November 2014, at 00:10

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
火-order.gif
Stroke order
火-bw.png

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a bottom Chinese radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形)

火 火 火 火
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火 (F), four-corner 90800)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 665, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18850
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1073, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2187, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+706B

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mej.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (火), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 呼果切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/huɑX/ /xuɑX/ /xuɑX/ /huɑX/ /hwaX/ /xuɑX/ /xuɑX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
huǒ ‹ xwaX › /*[qʷʰ]ˤəәjʔ/ fire

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5540 1 /*qʰʷaːlʔ/

NounEdit

  1. fire, flame
  2. anger, rage
  3. temper

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (火):


JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. fire

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(hi, ho, fu, ka): fire.

From Old Japanese. /hi2/: [pɨ] > [ɸɨ] > [ɸi] > [çi].[1] See apophonic form ho.

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. a fire; flames
  2. a light
  3. heat
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /ho/: [po] > [ɸo] > [ho].[1] Found in compounds. See apophonic form hi.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ho)

  1. a fire
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Ancient dialect form in eastern Japan.[1] Found in compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. a fire
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

火(か): fire in the Wu Xing system
火(か): Antares in the Scorpio constellation
Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (xwaX).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. fire
  2. one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia
  3. under the old Ritsuryō system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
IdiomsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana , romaji Ka, historical hiragana くわ)

  1. Tuesday
  2. Antares, in the constellation Scorpio
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hwa, McCune-Reischauer: hwa, Yale: hwa)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bul, McCune-Reischauer: pul, Yale: pul)
  1. fire

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hwa) (hangeul )

  1. fire
  2. anger
  3. (as an abbreviation) Tuesday

SynonymsEdit

  • (Tuesday): 화요일 (hwayoil, “Tuesday”)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoả, , )

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