Last modified on 7 August 2014, at 16:03

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
知-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 111 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人大口 (OKR), four-corner 86400, composition)

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 824, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23935
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1235, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2581, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+77E5

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

The two pronunciations are cognate. The word is possibly of Sino-Tibetan origin, compare Mizo hria, hre, hriat (to know), Jingpho chye (to know), Tibetan རིག་པ (rig pa, to know).

Graphically:  +  (mouth). 矢 may be phonetic as well.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (知), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 陟移切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈiᴇ/ /ȶie̯/ /ȶie/ /ʈiɛ/ /ʈiə̆/ /ȶǐe/ /ȶjɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhī ‹ trje › /*tre/ know
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11495 0 /*ʔl'e/ 沈兼士依韻會所引說文從口矢聲

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to know; to understand, to comprehend
  2. to cause to know; to tell, to inform
  3. to administer, to take charge of
  4. to distinguish
  5. to appreciate
  6. to be close friends; close friends
  7. to perceive
  8. to participate in; to have a hand in

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (知):

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (= ) knowing, wisdom, intelligence

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to know
  2. wisdom

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tri, trơ)

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