Last modified on 8 October 2014, at 14:55
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
无-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from , itself from .

Han characterEdit

(radical 71 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一大山 (MKU))

  1. negative, no, not
  2. KangXi radical 71

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 485, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13716
  • Dae Jaweon: page 847, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1147, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+65E0

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (无), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 武夫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨo/ /mi̯u/ /mio/ /mio/ /muə̆/ /mĭu/ /mio/
Character (无), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 莫胡切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/muo/ /muo/ /mo/ /muo/ /mɔ/ /mu/ /mo/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mju › /*ma/ not have

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13092 0 /*maː/ 南無梵譯namas
13093 0 /*ma/ 說文無之奇字

AdverbEdit

  1. not, no
    无可 can't

NounEdit

  1. no, none, nothing, lack, nil
    我无求于你。wǒ wú qiú yú nǐ. ― I want nothing from you.
    从无到有 ― start from nothing, from scratch

PrefixEdit

  1. without, -less, un-
    无情 ― heartless
    无理 ― unreasonable
    无边 ― unlimited

VerbEdit

  1. (literary) to not have, to lack, there is no
    天空无云。tiānkōng wú yún. ― There is no cloud in the sky.

ConjunctionEdit

  1. regardless of, no matter whether

Proper nounEdit

Usage notesEdit

Literary equivalent of 没有

SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

PhraseEdit

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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