Last modified on 6 September 2014, at 09:45
See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
元-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

元 元 元 元
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) – a figure with two lines 二 for a head (one connected to body, one above it), emphasizing the head.

Han characterEdit

(radical 10 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 一一山 (MMU), four-corner 10211, composition)

  1. first
  2. unit of currency (substitution of )
  3. origin
  4. head

SynonymsEdit

  • (first):
  • (unit of currency):
  • (origin):
  • (head):

Derived charactersEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (graphically similar)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 123, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 258, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 264, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5143

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (元), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 元
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 愚袁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʉɐn/ /ŋi̯wɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/ /ŋʷiɐn/ /ŋuan/ /ŋĭwɐn/ /ŋiuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ ngjwon › /*ŋon {*[ŋ]o[n]} (‹ nasal + uvular)/ head; first
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16145 3 /*ŋon/

NounEdit

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) first; primary
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) basic; fundamental
  3. yuan, unit of currency of renminbi (RMB)

Proper nounEdit

  1. A Chinese surname​.
  2. the Yuan or Mongol dynasty

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
もと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana もと, romaji moto)

  1. cause, origin
  2. basis, foundation
  3. cost
     (もと)がとれる
    moto ga toreru
    to be able to cover the cost
  4. (finance) capital
  5. principal

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(won)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: won, McCune-Reischauer: wŏn)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nguyên, nguyễn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.