Last modified on 15 November 2014, at 16:57

See also: and

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
竹-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – two bamboo stalks, with leaves. Earlier forms resembled + , current form resembles rather +.

竹 竹 竹
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹 (H), four-corner 88220)

  1. bamboo
  2. KangXi radical 118

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 877, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1305, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7AF9

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (竹), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 屋
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 張六切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuk̚/ /ȶi̯uk̚/ /ȶiuk̚/ /ʈiuk̚/ /ʈuwk̚/ /ȶĭuk̚/ /ȶiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhú ‹ trjuwk › /*truk/ bamboo

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17588 1 /*tuɡ/

NounEdit

(classifier , , )

  1. bamboo
    竹子
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. bamboo

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たけ, romaji take)

  1. bamboo
  2. the middle of a 3-tier ranking system

Coordinate termsEdit

  • (まつ, matsu, pine, the highest rank)
  • (うめ, ume, apricot, the lowest rank)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(juk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: juk, McCune-Reischauer: chuk, Yale: cwuk)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trúc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.