Last modified on 10 July 2014, at 02:44
See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
長-bw.png
Stroke order
長-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (when used as a radical)

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – originally long hair; compare .

Unrelated to visually similar , and notably does not have a diagonal stroke at lower left.

Han characterEdit

(radical 168 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸一女 (SMV), four-corner 71732)

  1. long
  2. length
  3. excel in
  4. leader, master, chief

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1328, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1829, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4050, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9577

ChineseEdit

simpl.
trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (長), Pronunciation (1/3)

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋ/ /ȡʱi̯aŋ/ /ȡiaŋ/ /ɖiɐŋ/ /ɖɨaŋ/ /ȡĭaŋ/ /ȡiɑŋ/
Character (長), Pronunciation (2/3)

Initial: 知 (9)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 知丈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨɐŋX/ /ȶi̯aŋX/ /ȶiaŋX/ /ʈiɐŋX/ /ʈɨaŋX/ /ȶĭaŋX/ /ȶiɑŋX/
Character (長), Pronunciation (3/3)

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 直亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨɐŋH/ /ȡʱi̯aŋH/ /ȡiaŋH/ /ɖiɐŋH/ /ɖɨaŋH/ /ȡĭaŋH/ /ȡiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháng ‹ drjang › /*Cə-N-traŋ {*Cə-[N]-traŋ}/ long (adj.)
zhǎng ‹ trjangX › /*traŋʔ/ grow; elder
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1263 0 /*taŋʔ/
1276 0 /*daŋ/
1280 0 /*daŋs/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ちょう, romaji chō)

  1. chief; head (of an organization)

CompoundsEdit

  • 長歌 (ちょうか, chōka)
  • 長句 (ちょうく, chōku)
  • 長躯 (ちょうく, chōku)
  • 長兄 (ちょうけい, chōkei)
  • 長子 (ちょうし, chōshi)
  • 長女 (ちょうじょ, chōjo)
  • 長上 (ちょうじょう, chōjō)
  • 長調 (ちょうちょう, chōchō)
  • 長短 (ちょうたん, chōtan)
  • 長夜 (ちょうや, chōya)
  • 長老 (ちょうろう, chōrō)
  • 長唄 (ながうた, nagauta)
  • 院長 (いんちょう, inchō)
  • 延長 (えんちょう, enchō)
  • 課長 (かちょう, kachō)
  • 会長 (かいちょう, kaichō)
  • 学長 (がくちょう, gakuchō)
  • 係長 (かかりちょう, kakarichō)
  • 楽長 (がくちょう, gakuchō)
  • 機長 (きちょう, kichō)
  • 組長 (くみちょう, kumichō)
  • 市長 (しちょう, sichō)
  • 社長 (しゃちょう, shachō)
  • 船長 (せんちょう, senchō)
  • 村長 (そんちょう, sonchō)
  • 町長 (ちょうちょう, chōchō)
  • 店長 (てんちょう, tenchō)
  • 班長 (はんちょう, hanchō)
  • 番長 (ばんちょう, banchō)
  • 部長 (ぶちょう, buchō)
  • 霊長 (れいちょう, reichō)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

SuffixEdit

(hiragana ちょう, romaji -chō)

  1. head, chief, leader

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jang, McCune-Reischauer: chang, Yale: cang)
  • Name (hangeul): 길다 (revised: gilda, McCune-Reischauer: kilda, Yale: kilta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*djhiɑng, djhiɑ̀ng, djhiɑ̌ng)


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tràng, trường, trướng, trưởng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999