Last modified on 5 March 2015, at 10:33

See also:

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

Scallion.jpg

(radical 140 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿心大心 (TPKP), composition)

  1. scallion, scallions, leek, leeks, green onion, green onions

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1046, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31454
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1507, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3253, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+8471

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (葱), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 倉紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰəwŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/ /t͡sʰuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cōng ‹ tshuwng › /*[ts]ʰˤoŋ/ onion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1824 0 /*sʰloːŋ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. a leek
  2. green

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
ねぎ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(counter , hiragana ねぎ, romaji negi)

  1. scallion, leek

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chong) (hangeul , revised chong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ong, Yale chong)

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