Last modified on 26 April 2015, at 10:44


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Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from  (“the female principle yin”)



(eum) (hanja )

  1. yin, the essential female principle in eastern religion or philosophy
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from  (“sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation”)


(eum) (hanja )

  1. sound
Derived termsEdit
  • 음훈 (音訓, eumhun, “reading the sound and meaning of a Hanja together”)
  • 음악 (音樂, eumak, “reading the sound and meaning of a Hanja together”)

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative formsEdit

Derivational suffixEdit


  1. -ness; -tion; -ment
    (eum) is appended to the sequential form of a verb or an adjective that ends with a consonant that is not (l/r), to derive a noun.

Inflectional suffixEdit


  1. (formal)the act of, the process of, -ing; the status of, being ~, to be ~; that ~

Usage notesEdit

The nominalized verbs formed by appending (eum) often correspond to the gerund in English, but many have acquired additional meaning:

  • 걷다 (걸으니) (geotda (georeuni), “to walk”) + (eum): 걸음 (georeum, “step, pace”)
  • 돕다 (도우니) (dopda (douni), “to help”) + (eum): 도움 (doum, “assistance, support”)
  • 볶다 (볶으니) (bokda (bokkeuni), “to stir-fry”) + (eum): 볶음 (bokkeum, “stir-fried food”)

If the stem ends in a consonant (l), the (l) does not drop out.

  • 알다 (아니/면) (alda (ani/almyeon), “to know”) + (eum): (am, “knowing, knowledge”)
    알다 (alda, “to know”) + (eum) + (eun): (ameun, “Knowing that ... [is/does/did ...]”)