KoreanEdit




유 ←

의 →

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from  (“the female principle yin”) .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(eum) (hanja )

  1. yin, the essential female principle in eastern religion or philosophy
AntonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from  (“sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation”) .

NounEdit

(eum) (hanja )

  1. sound
Derived termsEdit
  • 음훈 (eumhun, “reading the sound and meaning of a Hanja together”, 音訓)
  • 음악 (eumak, “reading the sound and meaning of a Hanja together”, 音樂)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

SuffixEdit

(eum)

  1. the act of; the process of; -tion; -ion; -ing
    (eum) is appended to a verb stem that ends with a consonant to nominalize the verb.
    • ; 감; 남
      gapeum; gameum; nameum
      (the act of) repaying; a washing; (the process of) profiting

Usage notesEdit

The nominalized verbs formed by appending (eum) often correspond to the gerund in English, but many have acquired additional meaning:

  • 걷다 (geotda, “to walk”) + (eum): 걸음 (georeum, “step, pace”)
  • 돕다 (dopda, “to help”) + (eum): 도움 (doum, “assistance, support”)
  • 믿다 (mitda, “to believe”) + (eum): 믿음 (mideum, “trust”)

If the verb stem ends with a vowel, (m) is appended instead:

  • 가다 (gada, “to go”) + (m): (gam, “going”)
  • 나누다 (nanuda, “to divide”) + (m): 나눔 (nanum, “division”)

SynonymsEdit

Last modified on 15 April 2014, at 06:18