Last modified on 18 November 2014, at 16:20

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
音-bw.png
Stroke order
音-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a mouth and tongue with something on them (sound). Compare , .

Han characterEdit

(radical 180 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日 (YTA), four-corner 00601, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1396, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1912, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4495, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+97F3

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (音), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 於金切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪm/ /ʔi̯əm/ /ʔiəm/ /ʔim/ /ʔim/ /ĭĕm/ /ʔjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yīn ‹ 'im › /*[q](r)əәm/ sound, tone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15223 1 /*qrɯm/

NounEdit

  1. sound, tone, pitch, pronunciation

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おん, romaji on)

  1. sound

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. (소리 음, sori-): sound
  2. (소식 음, sosig-): news
  3. ( 음, mal-): speech
  4. ( 음, eum-): pronunciation
    • 之對 文字讀聲 (지대 문자독성, hunjidae munjadokseong) the complement of the hun (hence) the sound reading a (Chinese) character.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(âm, ậm, ơm, yên)

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