Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/gʷʰen-

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*gʷʰen-

  1. to strike, slay, kill

Derived termsEdit

  • Indo-Iranian: *ǰʰan-
    • Iranian: *ǰan-
      • Avestan: 𐬘𐬀𐬥 (jan-)
      • Old Persian: 𐎩𐎴 (jan-)
        • Middle Persian: MHYTWN- (zan-)
          • Persian: زن (zan-, to hit, beat)
  • *gʷʰéntis (striking, beating)
  • *gʷʰn̥tós (slain, killed)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: φατός (phatos)
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Sanskrit: हत (hatá)
      • Old Persian: 𐎩𐎫 (jata)
  • Other formations:
    • Armenian:
    • Baltic:
      • Lithuanian: giñti (drive, herd), genėti (to lop, to trim)
      • Latvian: dzīt (to drive, to chase)
    • Germanic: *banô < *gʷʰon-on-
    • Germanic: *banjō < *gʷʰon-y-
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: θείνω (theinō) < *gʷʰen-ye-
      • Ancient Greek: φόνος (phonos, murder) < *gʷʰón-os
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Sanskrit: हन्ति (hanti)
      • Avestan: 𐬘𐬀𐬌𐬥𐬙𐬌 (jainti)
    • Italic:
    • Slavic: *žęti
    • Slavic: *gъnati
      • Old Church Slavonic: гънати (gъnati, drive (animals))
      • Czech: hnát
      • Russian: гнать (gnat')
      • Russian: гонять (gonjat')
Last modified on 19 March 2014, at 19:33