Last modified on 27 May 2014, at 02:00

asara

See also: asarā, asará, asară, ašara, and ašarą

AsturianEdit

VerbEdit

asara

  1. first-person singular pluperfect indicative of asar
  2. third-person singular pluperfect indicative of asar
  3. first-person singular imperfect preterite subjunctive of asar
  4. third-person singular imperfect preterite subjunctive of asar

LatvianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From asaris (perch (fish sp.)).

NounEdit

asara m

  1. genitive singular form of asaris

asara m

  1. (dialectal form) genitive singular form of asars

Etymology 2Edit

Asaras

From Proto-Baltic *ašar-, from Proto-Indo-European *aḱr(u), *aḱ-ar, from *h₂eḱru- (perhaps the same as *h₃ekʷ- (eye)). Cognates include Lithuanian ašara, Sanskrit अश्रु (aśru), Avestan 𐬀𐬯𐬭𐬏 (asrū-), Tocharian A ākär, perhaps also Hittite išẖaẖru, ešẖaẖru (< *išẖakru), if the initial is, as has been suggested, the reflex of an s-mobile; with an extra initial element *dr̥ḱ- (perhaps “bitter”?), also Ancient Greek δάκρυ (dákru), Latin lacrima (from older dacrima, dacruma), Proto-Germanic *tahrą (whence English tear).[1]

NounEdit

asara f (4th declension)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) tears (clear, salty liquid produced by the eyes during crying)
    asaru dziedzeritear glands
    asaru pilnas acis — eyes full of tears
    prieka asaras acīstears of joy in the eyes
    asaras saskrēja viņai acīstears came (lit. ran) to her (in the) eyes
    asaras plūst aumaļāmtears are flowing in streams
    smieties līdz asarām — to laugh to tears
    asaru gāzetear gas
    asaru šķidrums satur brīnišķīgu vielu, kura spēj nonāvēt mikrobus — the lacrimal fluid contains a clear substance capable of killing germs
  2. (in the singular) teardrop (a single drop of said liquid)
    lēni norit liela asara — a big teardrop slowly ran down
  3. (in the plural) crying, weeping
    asaras mācas virsūtears are gathering
    asaras aizžņaudz kaklutears (= crying) strangled (his) neck
    būt tuvu asarām — to be close to tears (i.e., about to cry)
    ļaut asarām vaļu — to let the tears out
    raudāt rūgtas, gaužas asaras — to cry bitter tears
    caur asarām runāt, smaidīt — to speak, to smile through tears (i.e, while crying)
DeclensionEdit
Usage notesEdit

The plural forms are much more frequently used than the singular forms.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “asara” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

asara

  1. First-person singular (yo) imperfect subjunctive form of asar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperfect subjunctive form of asar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) imperfect subjunctive form of asar.