Last modified on 25 November 2014, at 14:04

brauchen

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German brūhhan, from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną (use, employ, consume). English brook is cognate.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʁaʊ̯xən/, [ˈbʁaʊ̯xən], [ˈbʁaʊ̯xn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: brau‧chen

VerbEdit

brauchen (strong, third-person singular simple present braucht, past tense brauchte, past participle gebraucht, past subjunctive bräuchte or brauchte, auxiliary haben)

  1. to need, to be in need of
    Ich brauche deine Hilfe.
    I need your help.
  2. to need to, to have to (in negation or with the adverb nur (just, only))
    Du brauchst nicht auf mich (zu) warten.
    You don’t need to wait for me.
    Sie braucht mich nur an(zu)rufen.
    She just needs to call me.

Usage notesEdit

  • Traditionally, brauchen has been a weak verb in standard German with a regular past subjunctive brauchte. However, the irregular form bräuchte has since found its way from the dialects into the standard. It is already the only common form in spoken German[1], and is gradually becoming dominant in writing as well (although some grammars may still discourage this usage).
  • In colloquial German, the verb may be even further assimilated to modal verbs by taking a bare infinitive instead of a zu infinitive (du brauchst nicht schreien instead of standard du brauchst nicht zu schreien) and sometimes by taking an endingless third-person singular present (er brauch, instead of er braucht). Both of these are properties of modal verbs, cf. er soll gehen, er muss bleiben.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.atlas-alltagssprache.de/r8-f4m-2/

External linksEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German brūhhan, from Proto-Germanic *brūkaną.

VerbEdit

brauchen

  1. to need