censonis

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From censt(ies) (to try) +‎ -onis. The standard stem for this verb has š (es cenšos, “I try”), but dialectally also t (es centos), which explains why there are derived forms with t, like centīgs, centība (zeal), and with s, like censonis (striver, fighter, assiduous person) or sacensība (competition) (and also, coloquially, censīgs, censība).[1]

NounEdit

censonis m (2nd declension, feminine form: censone)

  1. striver, fighter, assiduous person (someone who, while overcoming difficulties, tries to achieve a goal; someone who dedicates himself, all his strength, to a goal)
    dzīves sūrums agrāk apraka jauno censoņu sapņus — life's bitterness soon buried the young fighters' dreams
    viņš domā par censoņiem, viņu sapņiem, viņu cīniņiem — he thought about the strivers, their dreams, their struggles

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “censties” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 26 June 2013, at 23:34