cerēt

See also: ceret and Ceret

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally the iterative (durative) form of *cert, from Proto-Baltic *kerti, from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to cut; to strike) (whence also cirst “to cut, to chop; to strike, to beat”, q.v.). The semantic evolution went from “to make fire, to burn, to heat” (probably via “to strike (wood, metal, to make) fire;” see ceri “heated stones for sauna, bath,” and also the cognate verb kurt “to make fire”) → “to feel, worry, think fierily, intensely” (probably also influenced by ķert “to catch, to grasp”, another reflex of *ker-) → “to love” (a meaning still attested for cerēt in folklore), and also “to turn one's (full) attention to something” → “to hope (for something).” Note that derived verbs often conserve the older meaning of “turning one's attention (to)”, “thinking:” atcerēties (to remember), apcerēt (to consider, to contemplate), iecerēt (to plan, to intend), sacerēt (to write, to compose).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

cerēt tr. or intr., 3rd conj., pres. ceru, ceri, cer, past cerēju

  1. to hope (to expect and wish for something to happen)
    cerēt uz laimi — to hope for happiness
    cerēt labāko — to hope for the best
    ceram drīz saņemt atbildi — we hope to receive a reply soon
    visi cerēja, ka laiks būs labs — all hoped that the weather would be good
    brauciens izdevies labāk, neka cerēts — the trip was more successfull than (had been) hoped
    uz to nav ko cerēt — about that there is nothing to hope for
    daudz gaidīju, daudz cerēju, bet laime mani vīla — I waited long, I hoped much, but happiness deceived (= eluded) me
    es biju cerējis pavisam ko citu — I had hoped for something completely differet
  2. to rely (on someone), to expect (e.g., help, from someone)
    jā, Andra tēvs stipri cerēja uz saviem “bagātiem radiem” — Yes, Andris' father strongly relied on, hoped for (help from) his “rich family”

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • atcerēties
  • apcerēt
  • cerēties
  • iecerēt
  • sacerēt
  • uzcerēt

Related termsEdit

  • cerības

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “cerēt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 20 March 2014, at 21:53