Last modified on 18 October 2014, at 14:16

counter

See also: Counter and counter-

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Anglo-Norman countour, from Old French conteor (French comptoir), from Medieval Latin computātōrium, from Latin computō.

NounEdit

counter (plural counters)

  1. An object (now especially a small disc) used in counting or keeping count, or as a marker in games, etc.
    • He rolled a six on the dice, so moved his counter forward six spaces.
  2. (curling) Any stone lying closer to the center than any of the opponent's stones.
  3. A table or board on which money is counted and over which business is transacted; a shop tabletop on which goods are examined, weighed or measured.
    • He put his money on the counter, and the shopkeeper put it in the till.
  4. One who counts, or reckons up; a reckoner.
    • He's only 16 months, but is already a good counter - he can count to 100.
  5. A telltale; a contrivance attached to an engine, printing press, or other machine, for the purpose of counting the revolutions or the pulsations.
  6. (historical) The prison attached to a city court; a Counter.
  7. (grammar) A class of word used along with numbers to count objects and events, typically mass nouns. Although rare and optional in English (e.g. "20 head of cattle"), they are numerous and required in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.
  8. In a kitchen, a surface, often built into the wall and above a cabinet, whereon various food preparations take place.
  9. (wrestling) A proactive defensive hold or move in reaction to a hold or move by one's opponent.
    • Always know a counter to any hold you try against your opponent.
  10. (computing, programming) A variable, memory location, etc. whose contents are incremented to keep a count.
  11. (computing, Internet) A hit counter.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French contre, Anglo-Norman cuntre, both from Latin contra.

AdverbEdit

counter (not comparable)

  1. Contrary, in opposition; in an opposite direction.
    • Running counter to all the rules of virtue. -Locks.
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

counter (plural counters)

  1. (nautical) The overhanging stern of a vessel above the waterline.
  2. (by extension) The piece of a shoe or a boot around the heel of the foot (above the heel of the shoe/boot).
    • 1959, J. D. Salinger, Seymour: An Introduction:
      Seymour, sitting in an old corduroy armchair across the room, a cigarette going, wearing a blue shirt, gray slacks, moccasins with the counters broken down, a shaving cut on the side of his face [...].

Etymology 3Edit

From counter-.

VerbEdit

counter (third-person singular simple present counters, present participle countering, simple past and past participle countered)

  1. To contradict, oppose.
  2. (boxing) To return a blow while receiving one, as in boxing.
    • His left hand countered provokingly. - C. Kingsley
  3. To take action in response to; to respond.
    • 2012 December 21, Simon Jenkins, “We mustn't overreact to North Korea boys' toys”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 2, page 23: 
      David Cameron insists that his latest communications data bill is “vital to counter terrorism”. Yet terror is mayhem. It is no threat to freedom. That threat is from counter-terror, from ministers capitulating to securocrats.
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

counter (not comparable)

  1. Contrary; opposite; contrasted; opposed; adverse; antagonistic.
    His carrying a knife was counter to my plan.
    • I. Taylor
      Innumerable facts attesting the counter principle.
Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

counter (not comparable)

  1. In opposition; in an opposite direction; contrariwise.
    • John Locke
      running counter to all the rules of virtue
  2. In the wrong way; contrary to the right course.
    a hound that runs counter
    • Shakespeare
      This is counter, you false Danish dogs!
  3. At or against the front or face.
    • Sandys
      which [darts] they never throw counter, but at the back of the flier

NounEdit

counter (plural counters)

  1. (obsolete) An encounter.
    • Spenser
      with kindly counter under mimic shade
  2. (nautical) The after part of a vessel's body, from the water line to the stern, below and somewhat forward of the stern proper.
  3. (music) Alternative form of contra. Formerly used to designate any under part which served for contrast to a principal part, but now used as equivalent to countertenor.
  4. The breast, or that part of a horse between the shoulders and under the neck.
  5. The back leather or heel part of a boot.

AnagramsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

VerbEdit

counter

  1. Late Anglo-Norman spelling of conter

ConjugationEdit

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-ts, *-tt are modified to z, t. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.