Last modified on 28 July 2014, at 06:15

stern

See also: Stern

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English stern, sterne, sturne, from Old English styrne (stern, grave, strict, austere, hard, severe, cruel), from Proto-Germanic *sturnijaz (angry, astonished, shocked), from Proto-Indo-European *ster-, *ter- (rigid, stiff). Cognate with Scots stern (bold, courageous, fierce, resolute), Old High German stornēn (to be astonished), Dutch stuurs (glum, austere), Swedish stursk (insolent).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

stern (comparative sterner, superlative sternest)

  1. Having a hardness and severity of nature or manner.
    • John Dryden
      stern as tutors, and as uncles hard
    • 2013 June 22, “Snakes and ladders”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 76: 
      Risk is everywhere. From tabloid headlines insisting that coffee causes cancer (yesterday, of course, it cured it) to stern government warnings about alcohol and driving, the world is teeming with goblins.
  2. Grim and forbidding in appearance.
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2Edit

Most likely from Old Norse stjórn (control, steering), related to stýra (to steer), from Proto-Germanic *stiurijaną, whence also English steer. Also possibly from Old Frisian stiarne (rudder), from the same Germanic root.

NounEdit

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stern (plural sterns)

  1. (nautical) The rear part or after end of a ship or vessel.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Old Applegate, in the stern, just set and looked at me, and Lord James, amidship, waved both arms and kept hollering for help. I took a couple of everlasting big strokes and managed to grab hold of the skiff's rail, close to the stern.
  2. (figuratively) The post of management or direction.
  3. The hinder part of anything.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  4. The tail of an animal; now used only of the tail of a dog.
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Old English

NounEdit

stern (plural sterns)

  1. A bird, the black tern.

AnagramsEdit


MòchenoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German sterno, from Proto-Germanic *sternǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr.

NounEdit

stern m (please provide plural)

  1. star (luminous dot appearing in the night sky)

ReferencesEdit

  • Anthony R. Rowley, Liacht as de sproch: Grammatica della lingua mòchena Deutsch-Fersentalerisch, TEMI, 2003.