Last modified on 20 August 2014, at 18:12
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 Pawn on Wikipedia

Wikipedia

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

A pawn (chess)

From Anglo-Norman paun, poun ( = Old French poon, paon), from Late Latin pedō(nem) (footsoldier), from Latin pēs, ped- (foot).

NounEdit

pawn (plural pawns)

  1. (chess) The most common chess piece, or a similar piece in a similar game. In chess each side has eight; moves are only forward, attacks are only forward diagonally or en passant.
  2. (colloquial) Someone who is being manipulated or used to some end, usually not the end that individual would prefer.
    Though a pawn of the gods, her departure is the precipitating cause of the Trojan War.
    • 1908, W. B. M. Ferguson, chapter 1, Zollenstein:
      “I'm through with all pawn-games,” I laughed. “Come, let us have a game of lansquenet. Either I will take a farewell fall out of you or you will have your sevenfold revenge”.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

pawn (third-person singular simple present pawns, present participle pawning, simple past and past participle pawned)

  1. (video games) To render one's opponent a mere pawn, especially in a real-time strategy games.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French pan (pledge, security), apparently from a Germanic language (compare Middle Dutch pant, Old High German pfant).

NounEdit

pawn (plural pawns)

  1. The state of being held as security for a loan, or as a pledge.
    All our jewellery was in pawn by this stage.
    • Shakespeare
      My life I never held but as a pawn / To wage against thy enemies.
  2. An instance of pawning something.
    • Shakespeare
      Redeem from broking pawn the blemish'd crown.
    • John Donne
      As the morning dew is a pawn of the evening fatness, so, O Lord, let this day's comfort be the earnest of to-morrow's.
  3. (now rare) An item given as security on a loan, or as a pledge.
    • 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, New York 2001, p. 106:
      Brokers, takers of pawns, biting userers, I will not admit; yet [] I will tolerate some kind of usery.
    • Francis Bacon
      As for mortgaging or pawning, [] men will not take pawns without use [i.e. interest].
  4. (rare) A pawn shop, pawnbroker.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

pawn (third-person singular simple present pawns, present participle pawning, simple past and past participle pawned)

  1. To pledge; to stake or wager.
  2. To give as security on a loan of money; especially, to deposit (something) at a pawn shop.
SynonymsEdit
  • (to deposit at a pawn shop): hock
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

pawn (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of paan.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit