Last modified on 16 December 2014, at 10:21

hock

EnglishEdit

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Etymology 1Edit

From hockamore, from the name of the German town of Hochheim am Main.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hock (plural hocks)

  1. A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still, from the Hochheim region, but often applied to all Rhenish wines.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English hoch, hough, hocke, from Old English hōh, from Proto-Germanic *hanhaz (compare West Frisian hakke, Dutch hak, Low German Hack), from Proto-Indo-European *kenk (compare Lithuanian kìnka ‘leg, thigh, knee-cap’, kenklė̃ ‘knee-cap’, Sanskrit कङ्काल (kaṅkāla) ‘skeleton’)

NounEdit

hock (plural hocks)

  1. The tarsal joint of a digitigrade quadruped, such as a horse, pig or dog.
  2. Meat from that part of a food animal.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (transitive) To disable by cutting the tendons of the hock; to hamstring; to hough.

Etymology 3Edit

(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) From Dutch hok (prison, debt).

VerbEdit

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (transitive, colloquial) To leave with a pawnbroker as security for a loan.
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

hock (uncountable)

  1. Pawn, obligation as collateral for a loan.
    He needed $750 to get his guitar out of hock at the pawnshop.
    • 2012 April 25, Patty Murphy, “Business bulletin”, Associated Press, page 10A:
      But Ford Motor Co. needs another agency, either Standard & Poor's or Moody's, to make the same upgrade before it can get its blue oval logo, factories and other assets out of hock.
  2. Debt.
    They were in hock to the bank for $35 million.
  3. Installment purchase.
    • 2007, Tara Hanks, The Mmm Girl: Marilyn Monroe, by Herself, page 28:
      Later, Uncle Doc bought a couch on hock, then a bed.
  4. Prison.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

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Yiddish האַק (hak), imperative singular form of האַקן (hakn, to knock), from the idiomatic expression האַק מיר נישט קען טשײַניק (hak mir nisht ken tshaynik, don't hock me a teakettle)

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

hock (third-person singular simple present hocks, present participle hocking, simple past and past participle hocked)

  1. (US) To bother; to pester; to annoy incessantly

AnagramsEdit