stout

See also: Stout

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English stout, from Old French estout (brave, fierce, proud) (Modern French dialectal stout (proud)), earlier estolt (strong), from Proto-Germanic *stultaz (proud, stately, stiff), from Proto-Germanic *stil-, *stal-, *stul- (to be solid, stationary, firm, stiff), from Proto-Indo-European *stel- (to put, stand); cognate with Dutch stout (stout, bold, rash), Low German stolt (stately, proud), German stolz (proud, haughty, arrogant, stately), Old Norse stoltr (proud) (Danish stolt (proud), Icelandic stoltur (proud)). Meaning "strong in body, powerfully built" is attested from c.1386, but has been to a large extent displaced by the euphemistic meaning "thick-bodied, fat and large," which is first recorded 1804. Original sense preserved in stout-hearted (1552). The noun "strong, dark-brown beer" is first recorded 1677, from the adjective.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutest)

  1. large; bulky, thickset; corpulent, fat.
  2. (obsolete) bold, strong-minded; lusty; vigorous; robust; sinewy; muscular.
    • Shakespeare
      a stouter champion never handled sword
    • Clarendon
      He lost the character of a bold, stout, magnanimous man.
    • Daniel
      The lords all stand / To clear their cause, most resolutely stout.
  3. (obsolete) proud; haughty; arrogant; hard.
    • Bible, Mal. iii. 13
      Your words have been stout against me.
    • Latimer
      Commonly [] they that be rich are lofty and stout.
  4. firm; resolute; dauntless.
  5. materially strong, enduring.
    Campers prefer stout vessels, sticks and cloth.
    • 1913, Robert Barr, chapter 4, Lord Stranleigh Abroad[1]:
      Nothing could be more business-like than the construction of the stout dams, and nothing more gently rural than the limpid lakes, with the grand old forest trees marshalled round their margins … .
  6. obstinate.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

Wikipedia-logo.png Stout on Wikipedia.Wikipedia

stout, the malt brew

stout (plural stouts)

  1. A dark and strong malt brew made with toasted grain.
    Stout is darker, stronger and sweeter than porter beer.
  2. A fatso.
  3. A large clothing size, for the corpulent

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Germanic (despite a theory linking it to Latin stultus 'stupid, ill-considered, presumptious'),

AdjectiveEdit

stout (comparative stouter, superlative stoutst)

  1. naughty, disobedient, mischievous
    Sinterklaas geeft brave jongens lekkers, zijn Zwarte Piet stoute de roe
    St. Nicholas gives good boys candy, his Black Pete naughty ones the rod
  2. high (expectations)
  3. (archaic) bold, audacious
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
  • stoutaard m, stouterd m, stouterik m
  • stoutheid, stoutigheid
  • verstouten (adjective)
  • stoutachtig (adjective)
  • stoutelijk (adjective)
  • stoutaardig (adjective)
  • stoutebil m
  • stouthals m
  • stouthart n
  • stouthartig (adjective)
  • stoutmoedig (adjective)
  • stoutspreker m
  • stoutweg

Etymology 2Edit

From English stout, itself cognate with etymology 1 'bold, vigorous'

NounEdit

stout m, n (uncountable)

  1. The malt brew stout
SynonymsEdit
  • stoutbier n
Last modified on 18 April 2014, at 00:54