Last modified on 17 December 2014, at 15:50

tzigane

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Hungarian cigány, which entered English via French. The Hungarian derives from Byzantine Greek τσιγγάνος (tsingános, Gypsy).[1][2][3] Cognate to Italian zigano and Spanish cíngaro. More broadly, also cognate to German Zigeuner, Italian zingaro, Portuguese cigano, Polish Cygan, Czech Cikán, Russian цыган.

The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Rom (words related to the Romani people's autonyms) and cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt); see those entries for more information.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tzigane (plural tziganes)

  1. (sometimes offensive)[4] A Hungarian Gypsy (Romani person).

SynonymsEdit

  • zigeuner (a Romani person, especially a German Romani person)

Usage notesEdit

Like Gypsy, this term may be considered offensive by Romani people. At the same time, it may not be understood or meant as offensive by non-Romani people.[4] See the usage notes at Gypsy and zigeuner.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2004, Viorel Achim, The Roma in Romanian History (Bucharest), page 9
  2. ^ 2007, Jean-Pierre Liégeois, Roma In Europe, page 17
  3. ^ 1993, Struggling for Ethnic Identity: The Gypsies of Hungary (published by Human Rights Watch), page 1
  4. 4.0 4.1 see the notes on terminology in Edward Proctor's Gypsy dialects: a selective annotated bibliography of materials for the practical study of Romani (2008)

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Hungarian cigány.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tzigane m, f (plural tziganes)

  1. (sometimes offensive)[1] Gypsy

Usage notesEdit

This term may be considered offensive by Romani people. At the same time, it may not be understood or meant as offensive by non-Romani people.[1]

AdjectiveEdit

tzigane (masculine and feminine, plural tziganes)

  1. (attributive, sometimes offensive)[1] Gypsy

Proper nounEdit

tzigane m

  1. (sometimes offensive)[1] the Romani language

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 see the notes of terminology in Edward Proctor's Gypsy dialects: a selective annotated bibliography of materials for the practical study of Romani (2008)

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

tzigane

  1. feminine plural of tzigano