From the Hungarian cigány, which entered English via French. The Hungarian derives from Byzantine Greek τσιγγάνος (tsingános, “Gypsy”). Cognate to Italian zigano and Spanish cíngaro. More broadly, also cognate to German Zigeuner, Italian zingaro, Portuguese cigano, Polish Cygan, Czech Cikán, Russian цыган.
The other major categories of words for the Roma are cognates of Rom (words related to the Romani people's autonyms) and cognates of Gypsy (words related to Egypt); see those entries for more information.
tzigane (plural tziganes)
- zigeuner (a Romani person, especially a German Romani person)
Like Gypsy, this term may be considered offensive by Romani people. At the same time, it may not be understood or meant as offensive by non-Romani people. See the usage notes at Gypsy and zigeuner.
- ^ 2004, Viorel Achim, The Roma in Romanian History (Bucharest), page 9
- ^ 2007, Jean-Pierre Liégeois, Roma In Europe, page 17
- ^ 1993, Struggling for Ethnic Identity: The Gypsies of Hungary (published by Human Rights Watch), page 1
- see the notes on terminology in Edward Proctor's Gypsy dialects: a selective annotated bibliography of materials for the practical study of Romani (2008)
tzigane m, f (plural tziganes)
This term may be considered offensive by Romani people. At the same time, it may not be understood or meant as offensive by non-Romani people.
tzigane (masculine and feminine, plural tziganes)
- see the notes of terminology in Edward Proctor's Gypsy dialects: a selective annotated bibliography of materials for the practical study of Romani (2008)
- "tzigane" in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- feminine plural of