Most likely from a Greek term meaning "untouchable"; compare the modern Greek designations Τσιγγάνοι (Tsingánoi), Αθίγγανοι (Athínganoi). Cognate to Hungarian cigány and English tzigane; see those entries for other cognates and for more information.
- (sometimes offensive) Gypsy, member of the Roma, Romani person
- (sometimes offensive) member of any of several other nomadic minorities
- (offensive) disorderly, lazy or dodgy person
- (offensive) bohemian; unconventional or nonconformist artist or writer
"Zigeuner", an imprecise exonym for several groups, is a word loaded with mostly negative or sometimes Romantic connotations. It has been used to designate ethnic groups like the Roma and cultural movements like the Bohemian movement of nonconformist artists. The Central Council of German Sinti and Roma rejects the use of "Zigeuner" as a designation for the Roma, regarding it as racist and as having been discredited by the Nazis' use of it. Nonetheless, some Romani individuals may continue to describe themselves as "Zigeuner".
- ^ 2004, Viorel Achim, The Roma in Romanian History (Bucharest), page 9
- ^ 2007, Jean-Pierre Liégeois, Roma In Europe, page 17
- ^ 1993, Struggling for Ethnic Identity: The Gypsies of Hungary (published by Human Rights Watch), page 1
- ^ Anna-Lena Sälzer, Arme, Asoziale, Außenseiter : Künstler- und »Zigeuner«-Diskurse von 1900 bis zum Nationalsozialismus, in »Zigeuner« und Nation : Repräsentation - Inklusion - Exklusion, put out by Herbert Uerlings and Iulia-Karin Patrut (in Frankfurt am Main in 2008), pages 203–230
- ^ Daniela Katzenberger, Sei schlau, stell dich dumm (2011, ISBN 3838711289), page 5
- Zigeuner in Duden online