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TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Obtained by rotating the circumflex: (ˆ) 180°.

Diacritical markEdit

ˇ

  1. háček
    1. (in the Czech alphabet, as well as in other Latin alphabets and systems of Cyrillic Romanisation derived from it) generally marking palatalisation
      1. (historically; i.e., in Old Czech) marking palatalisation when written atop a consonant; marking palatalisation of the preceding consonant when written atop ě
      2. (currently; i.e., in Modern Czech) marking partial palatalisation in the case of the postalveolar consonants, full palatalisation in the case of the palatal consonants, and — when written atop ě (arising from the historical confusion of the now-obsolete yat: Ѣ, which Ě transcribes, with the iotified A: ) — variously, palatalisation of the preceding consonant, iotation, or idiosyncratically = /mɲɛ/
    2. (in the Romanisation of tonal languages, employed on account of the diacritic’s shape):
      1. indicating the dipping third tone in pinyin
      2. indicating a rising tone in the transliteration of Thai, in the International Phonetic Alphabet, and in the African reference alphabet

CzechEdit

Diacritical markEdit

ˇ

  1. háček
    1. marking partial palatalisation:
      1. C, [ts]Č, [tʃ]
      2. R, [r]Ř, [r̝] (before 1989: [ɼ])
      3. S, [s]Š, [ʃ]
      4. Z, [z]Ž, [ʒ]
    2. marking full palatalisation:
      1. D, [d]Ď, [ɟ]
      2. N, [n]Ň, [ɲ]
      3. T, [t]Ť, [c]
    3. E, [ɛ]Ě:
      1. marking palatalisation of the preceding consonant:
        1. de, [dɛ] (not *ďe), [ɟɛ]
        2. ne, [nɛ] (not *ňe), [ɲɛ]
        3. te, [tɛ] (not *ťe), [cɛ]
      2. marking iotation:
        1. be, [bɛ], [bjɛ]
        2. fe, [fɛ], [fjɛ]
        3. pe, [pɛ], [pjɛ]
        4. ve, [vɛ], [vjɛ]
      3. me, [mɛ] (not *mňe), [mɲɛ]

LatvianEdit

Diacritical markEdit

ˇ

  1. háček
    1. marking partial palatalization:
      1. C, [t͡s]Č, [t͡ʃ]
      2. S, [s]Š, [ʃ]
      3. Z, [z]Ž, [ʒ]

Usage notesEdit

Letters with háček are considered as separate letters with different names, and listed in the alphabet after the same letters without macron (i.e., č after c, š after s, and ž after z), and also in alphabetized lists (e.g., in dictionaries), like letters with cedilla (ģ, ķ, ļ, ņ), and unlike letters with macrons (ā, ē, ī, ū), which are treated, for alphabetizing purposes, as the same as letters without macrons.


MandarinEdit

Diacritical markEdit

ˇ

  1. (pinyin) háček, indicating the dipping third tone
    Ǎ, ǎ, Ě, ě, Ǐ, ǐ, Ǒ, ǒ, Ǔ, ǔ, Ǚ, ǚ

LetterEdit

ˇ

  1. A tone in the Zhuyin alphabet, it represents the third tone.

See alsoEdit

  • ˊ (second tone), ˋ (fourth tone), ˙ (neutral tone)

SlovakEdit

Diacritical markEdit

ˇ

  1. háček
    1. marking partial palatalisation:
      1. C, [t͡s]Č, [t͡ʃ]
      2. Dz, [d͡z], [d͡ʒ]
      3. S, [s]Š, [ʃ]
      4. Z, [z]Ž, [ʒ]
    2. marking full palatalisation:
      1. D, [d]Ď, [ɟ]
      2. L, [ɫ]Ľ, [ʎ]
      3. N, [n]Ň, [ɲ]
      4. T, [t]Ť, [c]

Usage notesEdit

The native Slovak term for this diacritic is mäkčeň.