Θῆβαι

Ancient GreekEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ionic-Attic Θήβη (Thḗbē), from Mycenaean Greek 𐀳𐀣 (te-qa /tʰēgʷā/), from Proto-Hellenic *tʰēgʷā.

PronunciationEdit

 

Proper nounEdit

Θῆβαι (Thêbaif pl (genitive Θηβῶν); first declension

  1. Thebes, the name of a city in Boeotia
    • Homer, Iliad 6.222-223:
      Τυδέα δ’ οὐ μέμνημαι, ἐπεί μ’ ἔτι τυτθὸν ἐόντα / κάλλιφ’, ὅτ’ ἐν Θήβῃσιν ἀπώλετο λαὸς Ἀχαιῶν.
      Tudéa d’ ou mémnēmai, epeí m’ éti tutthòn eónta / kálliph’, hót’ en Thḗbēisin apṓleto laòs Akhaiôn.
      • 1990 translation by Robert Fagles
        My father, Tydeus, I really don't remember. I was just a baby when father left me then, that time an Achaean army went to die at Thebes.
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Egyptian Demotic tꜣ-jpy (the temple), with the second component from earlier Egyptian [[jpt#Egyptian|]] (jpt, (inner sanctum of) a temple) (cf. jpt-swt and pꜣ-n-jpt).

PronunciationEdit

 

Proper nounEdit

Θῆβαι (Thêbaif pl (genitive Θηβῶν); first declension

  1. Thebes, the name of a city in Upper Egypt (including today's Karnak and Luxor)
InflectionEdit
Alternative formsEdit
Derived termsEdit

See under Etymology 1 above.

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Θῆβαι”, in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Θῆβαι”, in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Θῆβαι”, in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • Θῆβαι”, in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,027

Further readingEdit