See also: thebes and Thêbes

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Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek Θῆβαι (Thêbai), from two different sources. The name of the Greek city is further derived from Ionic-Attic Θήβη (Thḗbē), from Mycenaean Greek 𐀳𐀣 (te-qa /⁠Tʰēgʷā⁠/), from Proto-Hellenic *Tʰēgʷā, while the name of the Egyptian city is from Egyptian Demotic tꜣ-jpy (literally the temple), with the second component from earlier Egyptian

O45 t

(jpt, (inner sanctum of) a temple) (cf. jpt-swt and pꜣ-n-jpt).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /θiːbz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːbz

Proper noun edit


  1. A city in central Greece, the capital city of Boeotia and an important political centre in antiquity.
  2. An ancient city and archaeological site in Upper Egypt, having functioned as capital city at times during the Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom.

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