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(Redirected from εἴδω)


Ancient GreekEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *weyd- (to know; see), compare the very closely related οἶδα (oîda). Cognate with Latin videō, Sanskrit वेत्ति (vetti), Old Armenian գիտեմ (gitem), Old Church Slavonic вѣдѣти (věděti), and Old English witan (English wit).


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ěː.do.mai̯/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛ/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈi.ðo.mɛ/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈi.ð
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.ð
  • VerbEdit

    εἴδομαι (eídomai) (poetic)

    1. to be seen, appear
    2. (with infinitive) to appear, seem to do
    3. (reflexive, with dative) to make oneself like
      1. (intransitive) to be like, to look like

    Usage notesEdit

    • The aorist tense, εἶδον (eîdon, I saw), has a related but different meaning, and its second aorist middle form, εἰδόμην (eidómēn), contrasts with the first aorist middle of this verb, εἰσᾰ́μην (eisámēn).
    • The perfect tense, οἶδα (oîda, I know), functions as a present tense word with its own meaning.


    Derived termsEdit