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Ancient GreekEdit


From σοφός (sophós, skilled, wise) +‎ -ίζω (-ízō)




σοφίζω (sophízō)

  1. I make wise, instruct
    • New Testament, Second Epistle to Timothy 3:15:
      τὰ δυνάμενά σε σοφίσαι εἰς σωτηρίαν διὰ πίστεως
      tà dunámená se sophísai eis sōtērían dià písteōs
      which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith
    1. (passive) I become wise, clever, skilled
      • 750 BCE – 650 BCE, Hesiod, Works and Days 649:
        οὔτε τι ναυτιλίης σεσοφισμένος οὔτε τι νηῶν
        oúte ti nautilíēs sesophisménos oúte ti nēôn
        though I have no skill in sea-faring nor in ships
      • 430 BCE – 354 BCE, Xenophon, Cynegeticus 13.6:
        ὅτι ἐν τοῖς ὀνόμασι σοφίζονται, οὐκ ἐν τοῖς νοήμασιν
        hóti en toîs onómasi sophízontai, ouk en toîs noḗmasin
        because they profess wisdom of words and not of thoughts
    2. (middle) I teach myself, learn
  2. (middle) I practice an art; I am subtle; I speculate
    • 405 BCE, Euripides, The Bacchae 200:
      οὐδὲν σοφιζόμεσθα τοῖσι δαίμοσιν.
      oudèn sophizómestha toîsi daímosin.
      We use no subtleties in dealing with the gods.
    • 428 BCE – 347 BCE, Plato, The Statesman 299b:
      καὶ σοφιζόμενος ὁτιοῦν περὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα
      kaì sophizómenos hotioûn perì tà toiaûta
      or to be indulging in any speculation whatsoever on such matters
    1. (with accusative) I devise skillfully
      • 460 BCE – 420 BCE, Herodotus, Histories 8.27:
        ὁ Τελλίης οὗτος σοφίζεται αὐτοῖσι τοιόνδε.
        ho Tellíēs hoûtos sophízetai autoîsi toiónde.
        Tellias devised a stratagem for them:
      • 409 BCE, Sophocles, Philoctetes 77:
        ἀλλ᾽ αὐτὸ τοῦτο δεῖ σοφισθῆναι
        all᾽ autò toûto deî sophisthênai
        this is the very thing one must gain by craft
    2. (with accusative of person) I deceive
      • 75 CE, Josephus, The Jewish War 4.2.3:
        τοιούτοις ἐσοφίζετο τὸν Τίτον
        toioútois esophízeto tòn Títon
        Thus did this man put a trick upon Titus



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