Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Proto-Indo-European root *dʰewgʰ-, from which also τεύχω(teúkhō, produce).

The present stem τυγχάνω(tunkhánō) is a zero-grade form of the root with nasal infix and nasal suffix, like λαμβάνω(lambánō, take) and λανθάνω(lanthánō, do secretly). The aorist stem ἔτυχον(étukhon) is zero-grade with no suffix, and ἐτύχησᾰ(etúkhēsa), and τετύχηκᾰ(tetúkhēka) are zero-grade with regular first-aorist and perfect suffixes. The future τεύξομαι(teúxomai) and perfect τέτευχᾰ(téteukha) and τέτευγμαι(téteugmai) are e-grade.

VerbEdit

τυγχάνω ‎(tunkhánō)

  1. Expressing coincidence: to happen (to be)
    1. (of events) to happen [+dative = to someone]
    2. (of a person) to happen [+participle = to do something]
      • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 14.334–335
        τύχησε γὰρ ἐρχομένη νηῦς
        ἀνδρῶν Θεσπρωτῶν ἐς Δουλίχιον πολύπῡρον.
        For a ship belonging to Thesprotian men happened to be going to Dulichium rich in grain.
  2. to succeed [+participle or infinitive = at doing]; to go successfully
    1. to hit a target [+genitive]
    2. to meet someone [+genitive]
    3. to get or attain something [+genitive]

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit