Russian edit

 
парус

Etymology edit

From Old East Slavic парусъ (parusŭ), of uncertain origin. Either to be connected to Livonian pūŗaz (sail), Lithuanian bura (sail), Lithuanian bùrė (sail), or borrowed from Ancient Greek φᾶρος, φάρος (phâros, pháros, large cloth, spread), for which latter compare у́ксус (úksus, vinegar) and па́рдус (párdus, pard), known Greek borrowings.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈparʊs]
  • (file)

Noun edit

па́рус (párusm inan (genitive па́руса, nominative plural паруса́, genitive plural парусо́в, relational adjective па́русный)

  1. sail

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Yakut: баарыс (baarıs)

References edit

Ukrainian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old East Slavic парусъ (parusŭ), likely from from Ancient Greek φᾶρος, φάρος (phâros, pháros, large cloth, spread).

Noun edit

па́рус (párusm inan (genitive па́руса, nominative plural па́руси, genitive plural па́русів, relational adjective па́русний)

  1. sail
    Synonym: вітри́ло (vitrýlo)
Declension edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Ancient Greek φάρος (pháros, lighthouse).

Noun edit

па́рус (párusm inan (genitive па́руса, nominative plural па́руси, genitive plural па́русів)

  1. (rare) lightray
    Synonym: про́мінь (próminʹ)
Declension edit

References edit

  • Shyrokov, V. A., editor (2010–2023), “парус”, in Словник української мови: у 20 т. [Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language: in 20 vols] (in Ukrainian), volume 1–14 (а – префере́нція), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka; Ukrainian Lingua-Information Fund, →ISBN
  • Melnychuk, O. S., editor (1982–2012), “парус”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka