From Middle English saile, sayle, seil, seyl, from Old English seġl, seġel, from Proto-Germanic *seglą (compare earlier Middle Low German segel and later Low German sail), cognate with Dutch zeil, German Segel, Danish sejl, Norwegian Bokmål seil, Norwegian Nynorsk segl from pre-Germanic/Celtic sek-lo (compare Welsh hwyl, Irish séol), from Proto-Indo-European *sek- 'to cut'. More at saw.
sail (plural sails)
- (nautical) A piece of fabric attached to a boat and arranged such that it causes the wind to drive the boat along. The sail may be attached to the boat via a combination of mast, spars and ropes.
c. 1595–1596, William Shakespeare, A Midsommer Nights Dreame. As it Hath Beene Sundry Times Publikely Acted, by the Right Honourable, the Lord Chamberlaine his Seruants, [London]: Printed by Iames Roberts, published 1600, OCLC 35186948, [Act II, scene i]:
- When we haue laught to ſee the ſailes conceiue / And grow big bellied with the wanton winde; […]
- (uncountable) The power harnessed by a sail or sails, or the use this power for travel or transport.
- A trip in a boat, especially a sailboat.
- Let's go for a sail.
- (dated) A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft. Plural sail.
- Twenty sail were in sight.
- The blade of a windmill.
- A tower-like structure found on the dorsal (topside) surface of submarines.
- The floating organ of siphonophores, such as the Portuguese man-of-war.
- (fishing) A sailfish.
- We caught three sails today.
- (paleontology) an outward projection of the spine, occurring in certain dinosaurs and synapsids
- Anything resembling a sail, such as a wing.
- Like an eagle soaring / To weather his broad sails.
- See also Thesaurus:sail
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
From Middle English sailen, saylen, seilen, seilien, from Old English seġlian (“to sail”), from Proto-Germanic *seglōną, *siglijaną (“to sail”). Cognate with Saterland Frisian sailje (“to sail”), German Low German seilen (“to sail”), Dutch zeilen (“to sail”), German segeln (“to sail”), Danish sejle (“to sail”), Swedish segla (“to sail”), Norwegian Bokmål segle (“to sail”), Icelandic - and Norwegian Nynorsk sigla (“to sail”).
- To be impelled or driven forward by the action of wind upon sails, as a ship on water; to be impelled on a body of water by steam or other power.
- To move through or on the water; to swim, as a fish or a waterfowl.
- To ride in a boat, especially a sailboat.
- To set sail; to begin a voyage.
- We sail for Australia tomorrow.
- To move briskly and gracefully through the air.
- As is a winged messenger of heaven, […] / When he bestrides the lazy pacing clouds, / And sails upon the bosom of the air.
2002 March 20, Kazuki Takahashi, Yu-Gi-Oh! Forbidden Memories (PlayStation video game, North American version), Konami:
- [flavor text of the card "Spirit of the Winds"]
- A spirit of the wind that freely sails the skies.
2011 April 15, Saj Chowdhury, “Norwich 2 - 1 Nott'm Forest”, in BBC Sport:
- A hopeful ball from Forest right-back Brendan Moloney to the left edge of the area was met first by Ruddy but his attempted clearance rebounded off Tyson's leg and sailed in.
- To move briskly.
- The duchess sailed haughtily out of the room.
sail f (genitive singular saile)
after an, tsail
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- “sal” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
- “sal” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1st ed., 1904, by Patrick S. Dinneen, page 589.
- "sail" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
- Entries containing “sail” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.