пугать

RussianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *puďati, dialectal пужа́ть (pužátʹ), cognate with Ukrainian пужати (pužaty), Belarusian пужаць (pužacʹ). Presence of evolution Proto-Slavic /ď/→Russian /г/ testifies to the borrowing from the Old Novgorodian or Old Pskovian dialects where this transition was regular[1], compare dialectal (Pskov) рога́ть (rogátʹ) 'give birth'.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [pʊˈɡatʲ]
  • (file)

VerbEdit

пуга́ть (pugátʹimpf (perfective испуга́ть or напуга́ть or пугну́ть)

  1. to frighten suddenly, to startle
  2. to worry, to make anxious
  3. to warn, to caution, to alert
  4. to intimidate, to threaten, to browbeat

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

imperfective

perfective

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andrey Zaliznyak. Drevnenovgorodskij dialekt. Jazyki slavjanskoj kul'tury: Moskva. 2004. page 47-49