Armenian

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Etymology

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Learned borrowing from Old Armenian գարշապար (garšapar).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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գարշապար (garšapar)

  1. (archaic) heel
    աքիլեսյան գարշապարakʻilesyan garšaparAchilles heel

Declension

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Synonyms

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Old Armenian

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Etymology

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The *պար (*par) part is from Parthian 𐫛𐫀𐫅 (pāδ, foot). For *գարշ- (*garš-) Perikhanian suggests derivation from Middle Iranian hypothetical *garš- (hard touch, friction, rubbing; hardness, resistance), which may be related to Sanskrit घर्ष (gharṣa, rubbing) and perhaps Old Armenian գարշ (garš). The compound can be interpreted as “the hard part of the foot” or “the part of the foot used for treading the earth”.

Noun

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գարշապար (garšapar)

  1. heel
  2. footstep

Declension

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Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Armenian: գարշապար (garšapar)

References

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  • Petrosean, Matatʻeay (1879) “գարշապար”, in Nor Baṙagirkʻ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʻean, G., Siwrmēlean, X., Awgerean, M. (1836–1837) “գարշապար”, in Nor baṙgirkʻ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʻeay (1971–1979) “գարշապար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Perixanjan, A. G. (1993) Материалы к этимологическому словарю древнеармянского языка. Часть I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1]‎[1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 42
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1995) “Hay-iranakan lezvakan zugadipumner [Armenian–Iranian Lingual Parallels]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal]‎[2] (in Armenian), number 2, pages 183–186
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 200