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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian դանդաղ (dandał).

PronunciationEdit

  • (Eastern Armenian) IPA(key): [dɑnˈdɑʁ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: դան‧դաղ

AdjectiveEdit

դանդաղ (dandał) (superlative ամենադանդաղ)

  1. slow
    դանդաղ մեքենաdandał mekʿenaslow car
  2. (dialectal) slow, dim-witted, stupid

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

դանդաղ (dandał)

  1. slowly
    դանդաղ քայլելdandał kʿaylelto walk slowly

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “դանդաղ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 620–621

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

The origin is uncertain.

Ačaṙyan does not accept any of the etymologies, specifying only that this is a reduplication of an unknown root *դաղ (*dał).[1]

Ałayan derives from Proto-Indo-European *dʰel- (to tremble), with dialectal Norwegian dalla, dulla (to walk on tiptoe; to trip), Dutch dallen (to amble), Norwegian dilte (to jog along) as cognates.[2]

Having initially accepted Ałayan's etymology, J̌ahukyan later, stressing the “slow, dim, stupid” sense of դանդաղ (dandał) found in dialects, derives it from Proto-Indo-European *dʰandʰəlo-, from a hypothetical root *dʰandʰ- (slow, lazy, stupid) reconstructed by him on the basis of Pali dhandha (dull, slow).[3][4] The origin of the latter is considered uncertain by Mayrhofer.[5]

See also դանդալոշ (dandaloš), դանդան (dandan).

AdjectiveEdit

դանդաղ (dandał)

  1. slow, tardy, idle, heavy

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “դանդաղ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 620–621
  2. ^ Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 58
  3. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1991), “Stugabanutʿyunner [Etymologies]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal]‎[1] (in Armenian), issue 2, page 38
  4. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “դանդաղ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 183a
  5. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1963) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 91

Further readingEdit

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դանդաղ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դանդաղ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy