եւ

ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • և ‎(ew)

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From ե + ւ. The typographical variant և ‎(ew) is a ligature of these two symbols.

LetterEdit

եւ

  1. The 37th letter of Armenian alphabet according to the spelling reform of the Armenian language of 1922-1924. Represents [ɛv] (but [jɛv] word-initially). Transliterated as ew.
Usage notesEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Armenian եւ ‎(ew); see it for more.

Alternative formsEdit

  • յեվ ‎(yev) (reformed orthography spelling in 1922–1940)

ConjunctionEdit

եւ ‎(ew)

  1. (somewhat formal) and
SynonymsEdit

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi ‎(at, near).

ConjunctionEdit

եւ ‎(ew)

  1. and; also, likewise
    եւ ..., եւ ...‎ ― ew ..., ew ... ― both ... and ...
    եւ ոչ‎ ― ew očʿ ― neither, no, nor
    ոչ մին եւ ոչ միւսն‎ ― očʿ min ew očʿ miwsn ― neither; neither one nor the other
    եւ երիտասարդ եւ ծերք‎ ― ew eritasard ew cerkʿ ― both young and old
    եւ այլն‎ ― ew ayln ― et cetera, and so on
    եւ այն զի, եւ այս զի‎ ― ew ayn zi, ew ays zi ― the more so
    եւ արդ‎ ― ew ard ― now, then
    եւ եւս‎ ― ew ews ― also, more, over, still, moreover, likewise
    եւ զի, եւ քանզի‎ ― ew zi, ew kʿanzi ― since, because
    չեւ, չեւ եւս‎ ― čʿew, čʿew ews ― not yet; not till now
    չեւ տեսեալ‎ ― čʿew teseal ― before seeing

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: եւ ‎(ew)

ReferencesEdit

  • եւ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • եւ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • եւ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Ranko Matasović (2009), A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian, Zagreb, page 10
Read in another language