յանդուգն

Old ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ačaṙean derives from յ- (y-) +‎ ան- (an-) +‎ *դուգն (*dugn), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰugʰ-, zero-grade of *dʰewgʰ- (to be strong, have force). The prefix ան- (an-) here is not the privative one. Among the cognates compare especially the family of English doughty.

AdjectiveEdit

յանդուգն (yandugn)

  1. bold, rash, headstrong
    • 5th century, Bible, 2 Timothy 3.4:
      մատնիչք, յանդգունք, ամբարհաւաճք, ցանկասէրք մանաւանդ քան աստուածասէրք
      matničʿkʿ, yandgunkʿ, ambarhawačkʿ, cʿankasērkʿ manawand kʿan astuacasērkʿ
      treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God

DeclensionEdit

AdverbEdit

յանդուգն (yandugn)

  1. boldly, rashly

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Armenian: հանդուգն (handugn)

ReferencesEdit

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837) , “յանդուգն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 326a
  • Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1944) , “Haykakankʿ A [Armeniaca I]”, in Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR: Social Sciences[1] (in Armenian), volume 5, page 28
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977) , “յանդուգն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 382
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979) , “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 627–628
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879) , “յանդուգն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 126a
  • Walde, Alois (1930) , Pokorny, Julius, editor, Vergleichendes Wörterbuch der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume I, Berlin: de Gruyter, page 847