- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bəʊld/, [bɒʊld]
- (General American) IPA(key): /boʊld/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊld
- Homophone: bowled
From Middle English bold, from Old English bold, blod, bolt, botl (“house, dwelling-place, mansion, hall, castle, temple”), from Proto-Germanic *budlą, *buþlą (“house, dwelling”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰew- (“to grow, wax, swell”) or *bʰuH-.
Cognate with Old Frisian bold (“house”) (whence North Frisian bol, boel, bøl (“house”)), North Frisian bodel, budel (“property, inheritance”), Middle Low German būdel (“property, real estate”). Related to build.
bold (plural bolds)
From Middle English bold, bolde, bald, beald, from Old English bald, beald (“bold, brave, confident, strong, of good courage, presumptuous, impudent”), from Proto-West Germanic *balþ, from Proto-Germanic *balþaz (“strong, bold”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-, *bʰlē- (“to bloat, swell, bubble”).
Cognate with Dutch boud (“bold, courageous, fearless”), Middle High German balt (“bold”) (whence German bald (“soon”)), Swedish båld (“bold, dauntless”). Perhaps related to Albanian ballë (“forehead”) and Old Prussian balo (“forehead”). For semantic development compare Italian affrontare (“to face, to deal with”), sfrontato (“bold, daring, insolent”), both from Latin frons (“forehead”).
- Courageous, daring.
- Bold deeds win admiration and, sometimes, medals.
- Visually striking; conspicuous.
- the painter's bold use of colour and outline
- (typography, of typefaces) Having thicker strokes than the ordinary form of the typeface.
- The last word of this sentence is bold.
- Presumptuous, forward or impudent.
- 1748, [David Hume], “Essay I. On the different Species of Philosophy.”, in Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding, London: Printed for A[ndrew] Millar, […], OCLC 642589706, part I, page 18:
- […] even the boldeſt and moſt affirmative Philoſophy, which has ever attempted to impoſe its crude Dictates and Principles on Mankind.
- (Ireland) Naughty; insolent; badly-behaved.
- All of her children are terribly bold and never do as they are told.
- (Philippines) Pornographic; depicting nudity.
- Steep or abrupt.
- 1808, William Bernard Cooke, A New Picture of the Isle of Wight, page 144:
- The grounds descend with a bold slope to the water's edge, and rise finely upwards above the mansion, abounding with fine trees, and ornamented by a range of building at a distance, in a corresponding style […]
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (transitive) To make (a font or some text) bold.
- (transitive, obsolete) To make bold or daring.
- c. 1603–1606, [William Shakespeare], […] His True Chronicle Historie of the Life and Death of King Lear and His Three Daughters. […] (First Quarto), London: […] Nathaniel Butter, […], published 1608, OCLC 54196469, [Act V, scene i]:
- […] for this buſines,
- It touches vs, as France inuades our land
- Not bolds the King, with others whome I feare,
- Moſt iuſt and heauy cauſes make oppoſe.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To become bold.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for bold in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
- (archaic) boldt
- a ball
Probably representing an earlier *bodl, *boþl, from Proto-West Germanic *bōþl, from Proto-Germanic *bōþlą, from an instrumental form of *būaną (“to dwell”). Compare Old Norse ból. More at suffix -eld.
bold n (plural bolduri)