שישה

HebrewEdit

Hebrew cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : שִׁישָּׁה (shishá)
    Ordinal : שִׁשִּׁי(shishí)

EtymologyEdit

Root
שׁ־שׁ־ה

From Proto-Canaanite *šiššat, from Proto-Northwest Semitic *šiṯṯatu, from Proto-Semitic *šidṯatum. Compare Phoenician 𐤔𐤔𐤕(ššt) and Arabic سِتَّة(sitta).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

שִׁישָּׁה (shishám (defective spelling שִׁשָּׁה‎, construct שֵׁשֶׁת(shéshet), feminine שֵׁשׁ(shésh))

  1. six

Usage notesEdit

  • In Modern Hebrew, when the numbers three through ten modify a definite masculine noun and are directly preceding it, the construct form is used:
    שִׁשָּׁה סְפָרִים‎ ― shishá s'farímsix books
    שֵׁשֶׁת הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― shéshet has'farímthe six books
  • The construct form is not used for higher numbers ending in six, such as twenty-six:
    עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁשָּׁה הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― 'esrím v'shishá has'farímthe twenty-six books
  • In colloquial Modern Hebrew, the form שֵׁשׁ(shésh) is often used regardless of gender.

Coordinate termsEdit