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HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

Root
שׁ־שׁ־ה

From Proto-Semitic *šidθ-.

NumeralEdit

שישה \ שִׁשָּׁה (khamishám (construct שֵׁשֶׁת־, feminine שֵׁשׁ)

  1. (cardinal) six

Usage notesEdit

  • In Modern Hebrew, when the numbers three through ten modify a definite masculine noun and are directly preceding it, the construct form is used:
    שִׁשָּׁה סְפָרִים‎ ― shishá s'farímsix books
    שֵׁשֶׁת הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― shéshet has'farímthe six books
  • The construct form is not used for higher numbers ending in six, such as twenty-six:
    עֶשְׂרִים וְשִׁשָּׁה הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― 'esrím v'shishá has'farímthe twenty-six books
  • In colloquial Modern Hebrew, the form שֵׁשׁ (shésh) is often used regardless of gender.