Reconstruction:Proto-Semitic/šidṯ-

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This Proto-Semitic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SemiticEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Central Atlas Tamazight ⵙⴹⵉⵚ (sḍiṣ), Egyptian sjsw, Hausa shidà.

NumeralEdit

Proto-Semitic numbers (edit)
 ←  5 6 7  → 
    Cardinal: *šidṯ-

*šidṯ-

  1. six

Usage notesEdit

This number exhibited chiastic concord (gender polarity), in which masculine forms were used to agree with feminine nouns, and feminine forms with masculine nouns.

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • *šidṯ-um (nominative absolute)
    • East Semitic:
      • Akkadian: 𒐋 f (3 /šeššum/)
    • West Semitic:
      • Arabic: سِتٌّ‎ f (sittun)
      • Ethiopian Semitic:
      • Proto-Northwest Semitic: *šiṯṯum
        • Aramaic: ܫܬ‎ f (šeṯṯ)
          • Classical Syriac: ܫܬ‎ f (šeṯ)
          • Turoyo: ܫܬ݂‎ f (šeṯ)
          • Western Neo-Aramaic: ܫܶܬّ݂‎ f (šeṯṯ)
        • Proto-Canaanite: *šeš
          • Biblical Hebrew: שש‎ f (šš /šeš/)
          • Phoenician: 𐤔𐤔‎ f (šš /šeš/)
        • Ugaritic: 𐎘𐎘 f (ṯṯ /ṯiṯṯu/)
  • *šidṯ-at-um (nominative absolute with *-at suffix)

ReferencesEdit

  • Huehnergard, John (2019) , “Proto-Semitic”, in Huehnergard, John and Na'ama Pat-El, editors, The Semitic Languages, 2nd edition, Routledge, →ISBN, page 61