بردي

See also: بردی

ArabicEdit

 
Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia arz
 
Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ar

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Together with Latin buda (cattail) declared a Berber borrowing; though a connection to Old Armenian պրտու (prtu, paper reed) complicates this; maybe both the Armenian and Arabic have been mediated by Aramaic, considering that the particular meaning of paper reed is distributed right in the historical Aramaic language area. Vollers lists the Arabic term under the “secure borrowings from Egyptian”, perhaps thinking about a semantic interference of Coptic ⲃⲱ (, bush) from Demotic b (/*βoːʔ/, bush) from Egyptian bꜣt (/*ˈbaːʀat/, bush, especially paper reed). But forms فَافِير(fāfīr), فَفِير(fafīr), بَابِير(bābīr), بَبِير(babīr) employed for paper reed are secure borrowings from Ancient Greek πάπυρος (pápuros).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bur.dijj/, /bar.dijj/

NounEdit

بُرْدِيّ or بَرْدِيّ (burdiyy or bardiyym

  1. cattail (Typha spp.)
  2. (Egypt, Palestine) paper reed (Cyperus papyrus)
    • 977, أبو القاسم بن حوقل, Michael Jan de Goeje, editor, كتاب مسالك والممالك [kitāb masālik wa-l-mamālik] (Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum; 2)‎[1], Leiden: E. J. Brill, published 1873, page 86:
      قد غلب عليها البربير وهو البرديُّ المعمول منه الطوامير ولم أعلم لما بمصر من هذا البربير نظيرًا بوجه الأرض إلّا ما بصقلّيَّة منه وأكثره يفتل حبالًا للمراكب وأقلُّه يعمل للسلطان منه طوامير لا تزيد على قدر كفايته
      [And the swamplands of Palermo] were abounding in papyrus, that is paper reed, from which the scrolls where made. I know none on the face of the earth looking like that of Egypt except that of Sicily. From the bulk one plaits hawsers for the ships, and a rather small share is processed into scrolls for the ruler just as meets his demand.
    • a. 1179, أبو الخير الإشبيلي Abū al-Ḵayr al-ʾIšbīlīy, Joaquín Bustamante Costa; Federico Corriente; Mohamed Tilmatine, editors, كتاب عمدة الطبيب في معرفة النبات لكل لبيب [Libro base del médico para el conocimiento de la botánica por todo experto], volume I, Madrid: Editorial CSIC, published 2004, Nr. 973, page 87:
      بَرْدِي: واحدة بردية، ويسمى الأباء والحَفَأ، وهو الخوص عند بعض الرواة، والخُوص أيصا هو القصب مثل البردي، […]‎‎
      Paper reed, one is bardīya, is also called abāʾ and ḥafaʾ, it is fronds amongst some pastoralists, and fronds is also a rush like the paper reed.

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Maltese: bordi
  • Catalan: albardí
  • Indonesian: bardi
  • Medieval Latin: palperium, palpedrum (Italy from 13th century)
  • Persian: بردی(bardi)
  • Spanish: albardín

ReferencesEdit