Letter b.svg
b U+0062, b
LATIN SMALL LETTER B
a
[U+0061]
Basic Latin c
[U+0063]
U+FF42, b
FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER B

[U+FF41]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF43]

TranslingualEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

  Modification of capital letter B by dropping its upper loop, from the Greek letter Β (B, Beta).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
    A voiced bilabial stop is made with the lips alone, by a complete closure cutting off all exit of breath from the mouth, but with accompanying sonant vibrations of the vocal chords, the current of air necessary to produce this being driven from the lungs into the closed cavity of the mouth.[1] The corresponding voiceless stop is p.

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

SymbolEdit

b

  1. (IPA) A voiced bilabial plosive, a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages.
  2. (physics) A bottom quark.
  3. (music) Alternative form of (flat)

Usage notesEdit

The letter b is used in several romanization systems to represent the bilabial plosive or stop, usually voiced (/b/), including Cyrillic б (b, be), Zhuyin fuhao , and Korean jamo (b, bieup).

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

Other representations of B:

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit


EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B, plural bs or b's)

  1. The second letter of the English alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.
Usage notesEdit

In Modern English, the letter b is sometimes silent, as when final after m, in climb, lamb, limb, tomb, thumb, and in a few other cases, such as debt and doubt. In most of these cases b is a modern graphic insertion, and was never pronounced (in the English forms); see limb, thumb, debt, and doubt.[1]

See alsoEdit

NumberEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The ordinal number second, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

b (not comparable)

  1. Alternative form of b. (born)

SymbolEdit

b

  1. (astronomy) latitude in the galactic coordinate system
  2. (physics) barn
  3. (computing) bit
  4. (cricket) bye
  5. (size) big
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • (astronomy): (galactic longitude)
  • (computing): B (byte)

ReferencesEdit


AfarEdit

LetterEdit

b

  1. The second letter of the Afar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b lower case (upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


BasqueEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Basque alphabet, called be and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called bo and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


EstonianEdit

 
Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Estonian alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FaroeseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The third letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Finnish alphabet, called bee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

  • Used only in loanwords.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

b

  1. (music) B flat

Usage notesEdit

  • Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.
  • Finnish uses the German system; B is written as h.

DeclensionEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

FulaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The third letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

b

  1. Romanization of 𐌱

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The third letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.
  2. (music) Alternative form of B (B-flat, B♭, the 11th note of the C chromatic scale)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative b b-k
accusative b-t b-ket
dative b-nek b-knek
instrumental b-vel b-kkel
causal-final b-ért b-kért
translative b-vé b-kké
terminative b-ig b-kig
essive-formal b-ként b-kként
essive-modal
inessive b-ben b-kben
superessive b-n b-ken
adessive b-nél b-knél
illative b-be b-kbe
sublative b-re b-kre
allative b-hez b-khez
elative b-ből b-kből
delative b-ről b-kről
ablative b-től b-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
b-é b-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
b-éi b-kéi
Possessive forms of b
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. b-m b-im
2nd person sing. b-d b-id
3rd person sing. b-je b-i
1st person plural b-nk b-ink
2nd person plural b-tek b-itek
3rd person plural b-jük b-ik

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • (the letter): b in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (in music): b in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • b in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

IcelandicEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /pjɛː/

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The third letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


IdoEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /b/
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /be/

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

b m or f (invariable)

  1. see under B

LatvianEdit

 
Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

EtymologyEdit

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

PronunciationEdit

(file)

LetterEdit

 
B

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The third letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


LivonianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The fifth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


LushootseedEdit

LetterEdit

b

  1. The third letter of the Lushootseed alphabet, pronounced as a voiced bilabial stop.

MalayEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


MalteseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /b/
  • IPA(key): /p/ (per final devoicing or assimilation to a following voiceless obstruent)

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
 
The uppercase and lowercase form of the letter B.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Modification of the capital letter B by dropping its upper loop, from Latin B, from Etruscan 𐌁 (b, be), from Ancient Greek Β (B, beta), from the Phoenician 𐤁(b, bet), from Proto-Canaanite  , from Proto-Sinaitic  , from Egyptian 𓉐, representing the plan of a house.

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.

NounEdit

b m (definite singular b-en, indefinite plural b-er, definite plural b-ene)

  1. the letter b, the second letter of the Norwegian alphabet
  2. (music) the tone h lowered by half a step
    • 1944, Børre Qvamme, Musikk, page 35–36:
      enhver tone er mangetydig, fiss er også gess, diss er ess, b er aiss og så videre
      every tone is ambiguous, fiss is also gess, diss is ace, b is aiss and so on
    • 2000, Bjørnar Pedersen og Egil Birkeland, Hillman Hunter:
      skotske sekkepiper stemmes i B
      Scottish bagpipes are tuned in B
  3. (music) a B-flat (sign indicating that the following note is to be lowered by half a step)
    • 1974, Jens Bjørneboe, Haiene, page 98:
      ingen vil påstå at notebladet med nøkler, kryss og b’er er selve musikken
      no one will claim that the sheet music with keys, crosses and bs is the music itself
  4. (physics) symbol for bar (bar)

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b m (upper case B, definite singular b-en, indefinite plural b-ar, definite plural b-ane)

  1. The second letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.
  2. (music) B-flat

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (upper case B, lower case)

  1. The third letter of the Polish alphabet, called be and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomaniEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The fourth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called be or and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (Cyrillic spelling б)

  1. The second letter of the Serbo-Croatian alphabet (gajica), written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


Skolt SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Slovene alphabet, called b or be and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit

NounEdit

b m inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter B.

InflectionEdit

Masculine inan., soft o-stem
nom. sing. b
gen. sing. b-ja
singular dual plural
nominative b b-ja b-ji
accusative b b-ja b-je
genitive b-ja b-jev b-jev
dative b-ju b-jema b-jem
locative b-ju b-jih b-jih
instrumental b-jem b-jema b-ji

SynonymsEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (phoneme) IPA(key): /b/, [β̞]
  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈbe/, [ˈbe]
    • (common in some countries) IPA(key): /ˌbe ˈlaɾɡa/, [ˌbe ˈlaɾ.ɣ̞a] (be larga)
    • (file)

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Spanish alphabet, called be and written in the Latin script.

Derived termsEdit


TurkishEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Turkish alphabet, called be and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


TurkmenEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Turkmen alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔɓe˧˧], [ʔɓe˧˧ ʔɓɔ˨˩], [ʔɓəː˨˩]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɓej˧˧], [ʔɓej˧˧ ʔɓɔ˦˩], [ʔɓəː˦˩]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɓej˧˧], [ʔɓej˧˧ ʔɓɔ˨˩], [ʔɓəː˨˩]
  • Phonetic: bê, bê bò, bờ

LetterEdit

b (upper case B)

  1. The fourth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called , bê bò, or bờ and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Welsh alphabet, called bi and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by a and followed by c.

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bara fara mara unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “b”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

YorubaEdit

PronunciationEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit


ZuluEdit

LetterEdit

b (lower case, upper case B)

  1. The second letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See alsoEdit