خمسة

See also: حمسة

ArabicEdit

Arabic numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 ٥
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: خَمْسَة (ḵamsa)
    Ordinal: خَامِس(ḵāmis)
    Multiplier: خُمَاسِيّ(ḵumāsiyy), مُخَمَّس(muḵammas)
    Distributive: خُمَاسَ(ḵumāsa)
    Fractional: خُمُس(ḵumus), خُمْس(ḵums)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Semitic *ḫamš-.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

خَمْسَة (ḵamsam (feminine خَمْس(ḵams))

  1. five
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 58:7:
      أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۖ مَا يَكُونُ مِنْ نَجْوَىٰ ثَلَاثَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ رَابِعُهُمْ وَلَا خَمْسَةٍ إِلَّا هُوَ سَادِسُهُمْ []
      ʾalam tara ʾanna l-laha yaʿlamu mā fī s-samāwāti wamā fī l-ʾarḍi mā yakūnu min najwā ṯalāṯatin ʾillā huwa rābiʿuhum walā ḵamsatin ʾillā huwa sādisuhum []
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Excepting "one" and "two", all the cardinal numbers may precede or succeed the modified noun or substantive. Prepositive use is more usual, however.
  • The cardinal numbers "three" to "nine" exhibit polarity: they differ in gender from the modified noun or substantive. Polarity is also possible even when the number is postposed.

DescendantsEdit

  • Egyptian Arabic: خمسة(ḵamsa)
  • Gulf Arabic: خمسة(ḵamsa)
  • Maltese: ħamsa
  • Moroccan Arabic: خمسة(ḵamsa)
  • Hebrew: חַמְסָה(ḥamsa)

Egyptian ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

خمسة (ḵamsam

  1. five

Moroccan ArabicEdit

Moroccan Arabic numbers (edit)
50
[a], [b] ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: خمسة
    Ordinal: خامس
    Fractional: خمس

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /xam.sa/
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

خمسة (ḵamsam (feminine خمس(ḵams))

  1. five

DescendantsEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

South Levantine Arabic numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 ٥
5
6  → 
    Cardinal: خمسة
    Ordinal: خامس
    Fractional: خمس

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic خَمْسَة(ḵamsa).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /xam.se/, [ˈxam.se], [-a]
  • (file)

NumeralEdit

خمسة (ḵamse) (construct state خمس(ḵams))

  1. five

Usage notesEdit

  • When followed by a noun, the construct form خمس(ḵams) is used.